Review: The problematic fathers of Wilde, Yeats and Joyce


Mad, Bad, Dangerous to Knowby Colm Toibin

Scribner, 272 p $26


In Mad, Bad, Dangerous to Know, Colm Tóibín digs into the history and literary footprints of the fathers of Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats and James Joyce. The book is part walking tour, part historical narrative and part exercise in close reading. By the end of it, Tóibín may have you reaching for your abandoned copy of The Importance of Being Earnest or Dubliners, even if you have not touched those books since high school.

Tóibín tells the stories of these three fathers as an investigator—though one who is neither accusatory nor forgiving. The book is full of tidbits from letters between family, friends and lovers. Tóibín’s knowledge of the literary texts he analyzes and his ability to converse with them make the book successful.

Colm Tóibín may have you reaching for your abandoned copy of "The Importance of Being Earnest" or "Dubliners."

In the first section, Tóibín tackles the messy legacy of Oscar Wilde’s father, William Wilde. A doctor famous for developing eye and ear care, William Wilde also explored and documented the Aran Islands. He had several illegitimate children and a famous feud with Mary Travers, who accused William Wilde of violating her while she was unconscious.

Tóibín tells all of this, connecting it to the time he spent a day voluntarily locked in Reading Gaol in the cell where Oscar Wilde was jailed for “gross indecency” (suspected sexual interactions with men). Tóibín skilfully connects the attempts of both William and Oscar Wilde to save themselves by writing, and the fact that Tóibín read Wilde’s work in Wilde’s former cell lends intimacy to the analysis.

Tóibín writes about his visit to Union College in Schenectady, N.Y., to see its collection of Yeats materials and his time with Michael Yeats, the son of W. B. Yeats. Tóibín uses these experiences to draw the reader into the life of W. B. Yeats’s father, John, with his failed attempts as a portraitist and his romantic love letters.

The final segment of the book, about James Joyce and his father, John Stanislaus Joyce, is where Tóibín’s talents as a literary critic show most clearly. Tóibín weaves excerpts from Stephen Hero, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Dubliners and Ulysses with his own analysis and history to show how James Joyce’s view (and portrayal) of his father shifted in his writing. Tóibín brings new insight and interest to these often studied Irish classics.

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
Eliza Garran
2 months 4 weeks ago

This is a good book, I advise you to read it to many students and teenagers. In this book, family relationships are very well revealed. After reading the book, you can even write your essay at Edusson , you can also read other people's essays there, I hope you find it interesting and important, but the book is very cool, I advise everyone to read it.

Bill Mulligan
2 months 3 weeks ago

Not much beyond superficial description in the review. Needs a lot moire detail and examples. to illustrate thee points made. Not very useful.

More: Books / Ireland

The latest from america

Joe Bonomo's well-written take on Roger Angell's musings on baseball.
Bibles on a shelf
A devotee of the opera, Brown eagerly gave tickets to his students, hoping to get them totally immersed in the arias he loved.
Joseph McAuleyJune 14, 2019
students in library
John Sexton’s passion and commitment are infectious, and one cannot help hoping along with him that our universities will be able to realize the great aspirations that he has for them.
James Cone's autobiography shows that theology does not arrive out of a sterile doctrinal laboratory but from the pains, sufferings and triumphs of the people of God.
Anthea ButlerJune 08, 2019