Review: A wild war between zoos

Bao Bao was a male panda gifted to West Germany's Berlin Zoo by China during the height of "panda diplomacy" in the '80s. He passed away in 2012. (Wikicommons) 

Germany’s reconstruction after World War II was complicated, to say the least. Treaty negotiations at the Potsdam Conference in 1945 divided the country and its capital, Berlin, into four occupation zones overseen by the Allied forces (Britain, France, the U.S.S.R. and the United States). A precarious combination of war reparations, material shortages and the collapse of the Reichsmark—the country’s currency—forced Germany into a bleak economic situation. The occupiers split the country, already divided by attitudes toward the Nazi regime, into the Federal Republic of Germany in the west and the German Democratic Republic (G.D.R.) in the east. Berlin, too, was split, becoming a political hotbed when the G.D.R. erected a concrete wall that separated West Berlin from East Germany in 1961. 

The Zookeeper's Warby J.W. Mohnhaupt (translated by Shelley Frisch)

Simon & Schuster

243p, $26

The Berlin Wall not only divided the city physically, but also sparked intense cultural competition on both sides. The most popular of these cultural tug-of-wars occurred between the venerable West Berlin Zoological Garden and East Berlin’s modern Tierpark. What started as a series of independent endeavors for zoo profitability and innovation soon evolved into an ideological battleground, where the struggle for animal park superiority would be proof of the vitality of capitalism in West Berlin or that of socialism in East Berlin, respectively. 

This is the stage for J. W. Mohnhaupt’s first book, The Zookeepers’ War (translated by Shelley Frisch)an earnest plunge into the extraordinary history behind Berlin’s competing zoos and the enthralling rivalry of Heinz-Georg Klös and Heinrich Dathe, the two zoo directors, who were equally determined to build the world’s greatest animal park. 

Klös and Dathe stockpiled rare, exotic animals, built imaginative displays, schmoozed with the press and canvassed politicians and aristocrats for more funding—all while keeping a close eye on each other’s progress. These efforts increased international attention on the West Berlin Zoo and the Tierpark, thereby boosting the zoo directors’ reputations among the globe’s leading zoologists. 

Klös and Dathe stockpiled rare, exotic animals, built imaginative displays, schmoozed with the press and canvassed politicians and aristocrats for more funding—all while keeping a close eye on each other’s progress.

Fame proved to be a double-edged sword, as Berlin’s bureaucrats recognized the zoos’ marketability for their cities. Soon, Klös and Dathe learned that “victory in this war was no longer a matter of currying favor with visitors, but rather of pleasing the bigwigs in Bonn and East Berlin.” 

With its comprehensive coverage of Berlin’s zoos, as well as Mohnhaut’s penchant for dramatic, sometimes humorous details, The Zookeepers’ War is a highly entertaining true story that is sure to delight history buffs and general audiences alike. 

Correction (Feb. 12): An earlier version of this review failed to note that the book was translated from the German original by Shelley Frisch.

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.

We don’t have comments turned on everywhere anymore. We have recently relaunched the commenting experience at America and are aiming for a more focused commenting experience with better moderation by opening comments on a select number of articles each day.

But we still want your feedback. You can join the conversation about this article with us in social media on Twitter or Facebook, or in one of our Facebook discussion groups for various topics.

Or send us feedback on this article with one of the options below:

We welcome and read all letters to the editor but, due to the volume received, cannot guarantee a response.

In order to be considered for publication, letters should be brief (around 200 words or less) and include the author’s name and geographic location. Letters may be edited for length and clarity.

We open comments only on select articles so that we can provide a focused and well-moderated discussion on interesting topics. If you think this article provides the opportunity for such a discussion, please let us know what you'd like to talk about, or what interesting question you think readers might want to respond to.

If we decide to open comments on this article, we will email you to let you know.

If you have a message for the author, we will do our best to pass it along. Note that if the article is from a wire service such as Catholic News Service, Religion News Service, or the Associated Press, we will not have direct contact information for the author. We cannot guarantee a response from any author.

We welcome any information that will help us improve the factual accuracy of this piece. Thank you.

Please consult our Contact Us page for other options to reach us.

When you click submit, this article page will reload. You should see a message at the top of the reloaded page confirming that your feedback has been received.

More: Books / Europe / History

The latest from america

Colson Whitehead's award-winning novel is a timely reflection on who gets to write history...and who gets to erase it.
Leslie Woodcock Tentler's new book is both a rigorous and laudable effort to cure American Catholics of the illusion that our desires have no history.
Ted Gioia's new treatise on music and musicians covers everything from the Big Bang to gangsta rap.
Ross Douthat explores the cultural, economic and political torpor that he thinks has emerged in the United States over the last half-century.
Dominic LynchJune 26, 2020