Why do white Catholics have such a high vaccination rate? Is it faith or education?
About two-thirds of white U.S. Catholics have received a Covid vaccine or plan to get one as soon as possible, according to a poll released on April 22 by PRRI and the Interfaith Youth Core. That was a higher rate than PRRI found for any religious group other than Jews, and there seemed to be no significant difference between white Catholics who attend religious services and those who do not. But it is unclear whether the high vaccination rate is a matter of faith—Pope Francis has urged Catholics worldwide to get vaccinated against Covid—or of demographics.
According to the poll of 5,149 U.S. adults, conducted throughout March, 85 percent of Jews and 68 percent of white Catholics were “accepting” of the Covid vaccines, along with 63 percent of white mainline Protestants, 60 percent of the religiously unaffiliated and 56 percent of Hispanic Catholics. (The poll has a margin of error of 1.5 percentage points.) Acceptance of the vaccine dropped to below half for white evangelical Protestants (45 percent), Black Protestants (49 percent) and Hispanic Protestants (43 percent).
Among Catholics who said they attended Mass regularly, 73 percent were “accepting” of the vaccines, a bit higher than the 67 percent among Catholics who said they seldom or never attended Mass.
But attitudes toward the Covid vaccine may be more sharply divided by educational background than by religious belief. Among those with four-year college degrees, 70 percent plan to get the vaccines, compared with 45 percent among those whose education has not gone beyond high school. It is worth noting that, according to a 2016 survey by PRRI, white Catholics are more highly educated than most other religious groups (39 percent said they were college graduates, compared with 25 percent of white evangelical Protestants and 12 percent of Hispanic Catholics).
About two-thirds of white U.S. Catholics have received a Covid vaccine or plan to get one as soon as possible—a higher rate than any religious group other than Jews.
In an attempt to more closely examine the link between vaccine acceptance and religious belief, PRRI also asked respondents whether getting vaccinated was “a way to live out the religious principle of loving my neighbors.” The Catholic Health Association, in fact, is using the phrase #LoveThyNeighbor as part of a campaign to encourage vaccination.
But in the PRRI poll, white Catholics were not especially likely to cite love of neighbor as a reason for getting vaccinated. Only 57 percent of white Catholics agreed with the PRRI statement, not much different than the 55 percent among Hispanic Catholics or 55 percent among white mainline Protestants. Even among Americans with no religious affiliation at all, 53 percent said vaccination was a way to honor that “religious principle” of loving one’s neighbor.
Among white evangelical Protestants, only 46 percent agreed that getting vaccinated was “a way to live out the religious principle of loving my neighbors,” but that was almost exactly the same share (45 percent) as those willing to get vaccinated for any reason—whereas the share of white Catholics willing to get the vaccine (68 percent) was 11 points higher than the share who said getting vaccinated was a way to show love of neighbor.
It is unclear whether the high vaccination rate is a matter of faith—Pope Francis has urged Catholics worldwide to get vaccinated against Covid—or of demographics.
There were two other striking differences between white Catholics and white evangelical Protestants in the PRRI poll. While 43 percent of white evangelical Protestants said they would “look to a religious leader” for information about Covid vaccines, only 27 percent of white Catholics said the same. Interestingly, there was no such difference between Hispanic Protestants (45 percent) and Hispanic Catholics (44 percent), suggesting again that the higher educational levels among white Catholics help explain their relatively high acceptance of the vaccine.
PRRI also found that 56 percent of all Americans favor allowing individuals who would otherwise be required to receive a Covid-19 vaccine to refuse doing so on the basis of their religious beliefs. That percentage rose to 81 percent among white evangelical Protestants but was only 55 percent among white Catholics and an even lower 45 percent among Hispanic Catholics—the latter figure perhaps reflecting the fact that Covid cases and deaths are higher among Hispanics than among any other major racial/ethnic group in the United States.
Correction: An earlier version of this story omitted the Interfaith Youth Core as a co-sponsor of the poll with PRRI.