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Australian Cardinal George Pell walks through Sydney's central business district Aug. 2. The court set a date of Oct. 6 for the magistrate to hear evidence and decide whether there is a strong enough case to go to trial on sexual abuse charges, which the cardinal has denied. (CNS photo/Dean Lewins, EPA)

CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — An Australian inquiry into child abuse recommended Friday that the Catholic Church lift its demand of celibacy from clergy and that priests be prosecuted for failing to report evidence of pedophilia heard in the confessional.

Australia's Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse delivered its final 17-volume report and 189 recommendations following a wide-ranging investigation. Australia's longest-running royal commission — which is the country's highest form of inquiry — has been investigating since 2012 how the Catholic Church and other institutions responded to sexual abuse of children in Australia over 90 years.

An Australian inquiry into child abuse recommended Friday that the Catholic Church lift its demand of celibacy.

The report heard the testimonies of more than 8,000 survivors of child sex abuse. Of those who were abused in religious institutions, 62 percent were Catholics.

"We have concluded that there were catastrophic failures of leadership of Catholic Church authorities over many decades," the report said.

Recommendations include that the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference request that the Vatican consider introducing voluntary celibacy for clergy.

Of those who were abused in religious institutions, 62 percent were Catholics.

It said the bishops' body should also request clarity on whether information received in the confessional that a child has been sexually abused is covered by the seal of secrecy and whether absolution of a perpetrator should be withdrawn until the perpetrator confesses to police.

Catholic clerics who testified to the royal commission gave varying opinions about what if anything a priest could divulge about what was said in a confessional about child abuse.

The commission's recommendations, which with interim reports total 409, include making failure to report child sexual abuse a criminal offense. Clerics would not be exempt from being charged.

The law should exclude any existing excuse or privilege relating to a religious confessional, it said.

The commission's recommendations include making failure to report child sexual abuse a criminal offense.

Pope Francis's former finance minister, Cardinal George Pell, testified in a video link from the Vatican in 2016 about his time as a priest and bishop in Australia. Pell this year became the most senior Catholic official to face sex offense charges.

Through his lawyers, Pell has vowed to fight the charges of sexual assault.

The commission found that the church's responses to complaints and concerns about clerics in Australia were "remarkably and disturbingly similar."

The president of the Australian Catholic Bishops Conference, Archbishop Denis Hart, said many of the commission's recommendations "would have significant impact on the way the Catholic Church and others operate in Australia."

He said the Vatican is already giving "serious consideration" to questions raised by the commission about the extent of the seal of the confession and whether child molesters who did not confess to police could be absolved.

The commission found that celibacy was not a direct cause of child sexual abuse, but was a contributing factor.

"I cannot break the seal. The penalty for any priest breaking the seal is excommunication; being passed out of the church," Hart said. "I revere the law of the land and I trust it, but this is a sacred, spiritual charge before God which I must honor, and I have to try and do what I can do with both."

He said the Australian bishops would put the celibacy recommendations to the Vatican, but added, "I believe that there are real values in celibacy."

The commission found that celibacy was not a direct cause of child sexual abuse, but was a contributing factor, especially when combined with other risk factors.

"We conclude that there is an elevated risk of child sex abuse where compulsorily celibate male clergy or religious have privileged access to children in certain types of Catholic institutions, including schools, residential institutions and parishes," the report said.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, a Catholic, recommended all Australians read the report.

"What that commission has done is exposed a national tragedy. It's an outstanding exercise in love and I thank the commissioners and those who had the courage to tell their stories," Turnbull said.

Catholicism is the largest denomination in majority-Christian Australia.

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
Eileen Malloy
6 years 7 months ago

The Catholic Church has a homosexual NAMBLA problem among a percentage of its priests. Tolerance of homosexual leadership had led to abuse of minors and bankruptcies of many dioceses. Cardinal Pell doesn’t strike me as a homosexual pederast, I predict he’s innocent of the charges being brought against him.

Tim Donovan
6 years 7 months ago

I happen to be a gay Catholic, and have been celibate for most of my life. Unfortunately, for a time some years ago I had promiscuous sex with men. However, I realized both that such sexual relationships were wrong and were unfulfilling. I have gone to the Sacrament of Reconciliation and received forgiveness and a sense of consolation. I agree with Cardinal Hart that while being celibate can be difficult, that there is value in the single life. Without boasting, being single had allowed me. to dedicate my life to being a Special Education teacher and worker with disabled people for over 25 years. I also believe I have been a loving uncle who frequently watched my now-adult nieces and nephew. The Church in many ways failed in protecting children, but so, too did other institutions. Sexual abuse of children happens among all groups within society. The seal of confession must not be violated, in my opinion. How could Catholics feel at ease if they feared that their sins would be revealed? However, absolution shouldn't be granted until the one guilty of sexual abuse has agreed to turn himself into the police. This is crucial.

Alice Pat
6 years 7 months ago

I hope the Vatican will be open to these recommendations.
However, as a trained psychotherapist with over 30 years' experience, I feel the need to note that the vast majority of pedophiles are heterosexual.

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