Within hours of President Donald Trump's new executive order on March 6 banning arrivals from six majority-Muslim nations, Catholic and other religious groups joined secular leaders in questioning the wisdom of such a move, with others vowing to oppose it outright.
Bill O'Keefe, vice president for advocacy and government relations at Catholic Relief Services, said in a statement, "As the world's most blessed nation, we should be doing more to provide assistance overseas and resettle the most vulnerable, not less. It is wrong, during this time of great need, to cut humanitarian assistance and reduce resettlement."
O'Keefe added, "Refugees are fleeing the same terrorism that we seek to protect ourselves from. By welcoming them, we show the world that we are an open, tolerant nation which seeks to protect the vulnerable. That has always been America's greatest strength."
"At the heart of the work of Catholic Charities is the Gospel mandate to welcome the stranger and care for the most vulnerable among us," said Dominican Sister Donna Markham, president and CEO of Catholic Charities USA, in a statement.
"Refugees are fleeing the same terrorism that we seek to protect ourselves from."
"Today's executive order not only hinders that work, but also effectively abandons, for four months, the thousands of endangered refugees fleeing violence, starvation and persecution," she added. "It is deeply disturbing to know that the thousands of women, children and other persecuted individuals around the world will face a closed door rather than a helping hand from the United States."
The revised order replaces Trump's Jan. 27 order, which has been blocked in the courts. The new order imposes a 90-day ban on issuing visas to people from six predominantly Muslim nations; Iraq is no longer on the list. The countries are Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, Sudan and Yemen.
It suspends the U.S. refugee program for all countries for 120 days; Syrian refugees are now not banned indefinitely. The order limits the total number of refugees to be admitted this fiscal year to 50,000, instead of 110,000, as the Obama administration directed.
The order also excludes lawful permanent residents—green card holders—from any travel ban. The new order will not take effect until March 16.
Bishop Joe S. Vasquez of Austin, Texas, chairman of the U.S. bishops' Committee on Migration, said Trump's new order still puts vulnerable populations at risk.
"We remain deeply troubled by the human consequences" of the order, he said in a statement. "While we note the administration's efforts to modify the executive order in light of various legal concerns, the revised order still leaves many innocent lives at risk."
He said the Catholic bishops welcomed Iraq being removed from the list of countries, but remain disappointed the order still temporarily shuts down the refugee admissions program, reduces by more than 60 percent the number of refugees who can enter the country and still bars nationals from six countries.
The bishops "have long recognized the importance of ensuring public safety and would welcome reasonable and necessary steps to accomplish that goal," Bishop Vasquez said. "However, based on the knowledge that refugees are already subjected to the most vigorous vetting process of anyone who enters the United States, there is no merit to pausing the refugee resettlement program while considering further improvement to that vetting process."
"A ban regarding human beings, because they are from a certain country or practice a particular religion is clearly xenophobic, nationalistic and racist," said a statement by Sister Patricia Chappell, a Sister of Notre Dame de Namur, who is executive director of Pax Christi USA.
"Now is the time to honor the commitment for justice expressed in all faith communities and to proclaim this commitment with actions that uphold the rights of all people," she added.
Scott Wright, director of the Columban Center for Advocacy and Outreach, said that Columbans "have always welcomed migrants and refugees, we do so every day at the U.S.-Mexico border."
"We must always remember that we are a nation of immigrants and refugees and we are called to stand in solidarity with them," he said.
People of faith "are called to both address the root causes of migration and seek policies of welcome toward our migrant sisters and brothers," Wright continued. "We stand against any policies that seek to build a wall, inhumanely detain and deport women and families, or limit migration based solely on a person's country of origin or religion."
"We must always remember that we are a nation of immigrants and refugees and we are called to stand in solidarity with them."
Eli McCarthy, director of justice and peace for the Congregation of Major Superiors of Men, called it "completely unjust to punish an entire country due to the suspicion of a potential crime by an individual."
"We should be asking about the root causes of violent acts, such as U.S. militarization of conflicts, and giving our attention to addressing those concrete situations," he said in a statement.
"Women religious have been blessed to be able to accompany and serve immigrant and refugee communities across this country for a very long time," said a statement by Holy Cross Sister Joan Marie Steadman, executive director of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious. "Catholic sisters remain committed to welcoming those who come to this country after passing through the U.S. government's already rigorous screening processes."
Larry Couch, director of the National Advocacy Center of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd, aimed his statement directly at Trump.
"Mr. President, why close our borders to those fleeing real atrocities, fleeing the ravages of war and the search for food, clean water and safety?" Couch asked. "This is not what America stands for and not who we are called to be. America is not a country that retreats and Americans choose to not live in fear of the 'what if.' Mr. President, welcome the refugee and welcome the face of God."
"The ban goes against everything that we stand for as Franciscan Catholic Christians, and against what Jesus and Francis of Assisi taught and lived," said a statement from Patrick Carolan, executive director of the Franciscan Action Network. "St. Bonaventure tells us that how we choose and what we choose makes a difference—first in what we become by our choices and second what the world becomes by our choices."
A statement from the organization's associate director, Franciscan Sister Marie Lucey, tied the situation of refugees and the need to welcome them into the U.S. to Lent.
"For Christians, Lent is a season of repentance for personal and social sin. The Franciscan Action Network will stand in prayer and solidarity with Muslim sisters and brothers, as well as all refugees and immigrants, during the forty days of Lent," she said.
"While opposing bans and harmful executive orders, we also pray for a change of hearts and minds of this administration and legislators who support anti-refugee and anti-immigrant measures," Sister Lucey added. "We will also continue to speak out against this injustice which is as cruel and unusual as it is astounding and irreconcilable."
Sara Benitez, Latino program director for the interfaith group Faith in Public Life, said that once again Trump "is compromising our integrity as a nation."
"The refugee ban introduced today is rooted in the same immoral and divisive policy we saw a few weeks ago, and we will not stand for it," she said in a statement.
"We must continue the work on the ground to stand up for our immigrant and refugee neighbors who are under threat," added Benitez, whose organization amassed dozens of pastors for a midafternoon protest March 6 in front of the White House.
Sara Benitez said that once again Trump "is compromising our integrity as a nation."
Faith in Public Life also has mounted a "Build Bridges, Not Walls" campaign to list ways people can support refugees and other immigrants.
"The new order doubles down on demonizing refugees—implying that America should fear those who have been persecuted, tortured, threatened and victimized by terrorists. America is diminished when we abandon our values and close our doors," said a statement by said Linda Hartke, president and CEO of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, or LIRS.
"Had the new executive order been in place last month, it would have likely prevented LIRS from reuniting Mushkaad Abdi, a 4-year-old Somali refugee who was alone in Kampala, Uganda, with her mother and sisters in Minneapolis," Hartke added. "To close our nation's doors on those who are simply seeking safety and protection is shameful and misguided."
"While the White House may have made changes to the ban, the intent to discriminate against Muslims remains clear. This doesn't just harm the families caught in the chaos of President Trump's draconian policies—it's diametrically opposed to our values, and makes us less safe," said a statement from Eric Schneiderman, New York state's attorney general.
Schneiderman took the White House to court after Trump's first executive order; other court challenges around the country followed.
"My office is closely reviewing the new executive order, and I stand ready to litigate—again—in order to protect New York's families, institutions, and economy," Schneiderman said.
The Catholic Legal Immigration Network Inc. called the new order "'nearly as egregious" the earlier version. "While this order no longer includes an indefinite bar on refugees from Syria and has dropped the visa ban for Iraqis, it still fails to honor American ideals and protect people whose lives are at risk," said Jeanne Atkinson, executive director of CLINIC.
Without commenting on the executive order itself, Nina Shea, director of the Hudson Institute's Center for Religious Freedom, said: "There's a dire need for President Trump to issue a separate executive order—one specifically aimed to help ISIS (Islamic State) genocide survivors in Iraq and Syria. ... Even if ISIS is routed from Mosul (Iraq), the Christian community is now so shattered and vulnerable, without President Trump's prompt leadership, the entire Iraqi Christian presence could soon be wiped out."