‘The situation is just devastating’: Central America left reeling from two storms in two weeks

Destruction in Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, Nov. 17. (CNS / Oswaldo Rivas, Reuters)Destruction in Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, Nov. 17. (CNS / Oswaldo Rivas, Reuters)

Across Central America, in cities and in farming and indigenous communities, thousands of families were still digging out of the wreckage left behind by Hurricane Eta when Hurricane Iota traced essentially the same destructive path. Its Category 4 landfall on Nov. 17 in Nicaragua was just 15 miles away from the spot where Eta, another Category 4 storm, had crashed ashore on Nov. 3. Its rainfall quickly flooded already saturated ground throughout the region.

David Cronin, a government affairs specialist for Catholic Relief Services in Washington, said that C.R.S. and other humanitarian teams were still assessing the “combined devastating impact that both storms have had,” but it was clear on Nov. 20 that millions of people across Central America and into Colombia and southern Mexico were in need of assistance.

“The situation is just devastating, and the needs are immense,” he said. “Tens of thousands have lost homes, they’ve lost access to clean water, they’ve lost their crops,” Mr. Cronin said. “Tens of thousands are seeking refuge in temporary shelters…. A substantial response will be needed.”

He added, “Immediate needs are pretty clear…food, water, hygiene items, mattresses, bedding.” He said the relief effort in the coming days will surely be complicated by the coronavirus pandemic. As C.R.S. teams respond in Nicaragua, Honduras and Guatemala, he said, “We cannot forget the reality of Covid-19, and we cannot forget the need to prevent further transmission of Covid-19.”

“Tens of thousands have lost homes, they’ve lost access to clean water, they’ve lost their crops. Tens of thousands are seeking refuge in temporary shelters.”

Relief agencies are describing the unprecedented double strike of Hurricanes Eta and Iota as the greatest humanitarian crisis in Central America in at least a generation, comparable only to the devastation wrought by Hurricane Mitch in 1998.

“We’re running out of superlatives for this Atlantic hurricane season,” Clare Nullis, a spokesperson for the World Meteorological Organization, said at a United Nations news briefing in Geneva on Nov. 17. “It’s record-breaking in every sense of the word. We are currently, with Iota, on the 30th named tropical storm.”

Ms. Nullis said that at this time of year, hurricane season should be winding down, but instead there has been a tragic late surge. “Iota is the strongest storm in the hurricane season so far to make landfall.”

[Want to discuss politics with other America readers? Join our Facebook discussion group, moderated by America’s writers and editors.]

Across the globe as Eta and Iota were marching through Central America, the Philippines endured two of the strongest typhoons on record. Many connected the unprecedented weather events to the increasing threats engendered by climate change. Just a day after Eta made landfall, the Trump administration formally withdrew the United States from the 2015 Paris Agreement on Climate Change, a decision it had announced soon after President Trump’s election.

“It is fair to say that climate change does play a role,” said Mr. Cronin. “Trends show that we are experiencing an increasing number of more powerful and more devastating storms.”

He notes one of the grand ironies of the accelerating impact of climate change: “When we ask ourselves who are these storms impacting the most, it’s poor communities that have done the least to contribute to climate change.”

The United States has announced $17 million in humanitarian aid so far to begin to respond to the crisis in Central America, but C.R.S. and other relief agencies will be seeking much more.

One of the grand ironies of climate change: “When we ask ourselves who are these storms impacting the most, it’s poor communities that have done the least to contribute to climate change.”

“We will continue to push for not only the immediate needs but the long-term recovery needs of the communities that are being impacted,” Mr. Cronin said. Humanitarian assistance and poverty eradication programs in Central America have been cut in recent years by the Trump administration. Mr. Cronin hopes the response to the double storms could signal a reversal to that trend, noting that the United States had delivered more than $1 billion in aid to the region after Hurricane Mitch.

The United States could also assist the region’s recovery through a reassessment of its current immigration policy, Mr. Cronin said. Though the Trump administration has been unwilling to extend existing temporary protected status, which shields migrants from specific countries from deportation, or to create new T.P.S. categories, he argued that position should be reconsidered in light of the dramatic conditions in Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. “Our position is that returning people to these impacted countries would be not only unwise, it would be inhumane.”

Pondering the long-term recovery of these historically vulnerable nations, Mr. Cronin also urged that a more forceful response to climate change must become part of the discussion.

“These two storms were preceded by multiple years of drought in the region,” he said. “We’re seeing extreme weather with drought on one hand and...intense hurricanes on the other, and it’s becoming very difficult for farmers and communities to adapt to be able to support their families and their communities.

“Natural disasters of this magnitude only increase the vulnerabilities that lead to migration,” he added, urging a more merciful approach to migrants from the region.

Push factors out of the region obviously include violence and lack of economic opportunity, he said, but increasingly climate has been playing a role, especially among the region’s indigenous subsistence farmers. “We need to look to the root causes at what’s driving migration,” Mr. Cronin said, “and to address those humanely, to address those issues justly and to work together with the communities who are impacted to find solutions to allow them the opportunity to thrive in their home communities rather than being forced to migrate to the U.S.”

We don’t have comments turned on everywhere anymore. We have recently relaunched the commenting experience at America and are aiming for a more focused commenting experience with better moderation by opening comments on a select number of articles each day.

But we still want your feedback. You can join the conversation about this article with us in social media on Twitter or Facebook, or in one of our Facebook discussion groups for various topics.

Or send us feedback on this article with one of the options below:

We welcome and read all letters to the editor but, due to the volume received, cannot guarantee a response.

In order to be considered for publication, letters should be brief (around 200 words or less) and include the author’s name and geographic location. Letters may be edited for length and clarity.

We open comments only on select articles so that we can provide a focused and well-moderated discussion on interesting topics. If you think this article provides the opportunity for such a discussion, please let us know what you'd like to talk about, or what interesting question you think readers might want to respond to.

If we decide to open comments on this article, we will email you to let you know.

If you have a message for the author, we will do our best to pass it along. Note that if the article is from a wire service such as Catholic News Service, Religion News Service, or the Associated Press, we will not have direct contact information for the author. We cannot guarantee a response from any author.

We welcome any information that will help us improve the factual accuracy of this piece. Thank you.

Please consult our Contact Us page for other options to reach us.

When you click submit, this article page will reload. You should see a message at the top of the reloaded page confirming that your feedback has been received.

The latest from america

A flare-up of sciatica has caused Pope Francis to cancel several appearances in the coming days.
Gerard O’ConnellJanuary 23, 2021
If Mr. Biden is really listening, he will understand the value of preserving the abortion funding bans that have stood for decades. (CNS photo/Kevin Lamarque, Reuters)
A ban on taxpayer funding of abortions began as a bipartisan policy and remains popular, writes Charles A. Donovan of the Charlotte Lozier Institute. President-elect Biden should keep it in place.
Charles A. DonovanJanuary 22, 2021
Registered nurse Nikki Hollinger cleans up a room as a body of a COVID-19 victim lies in a body bag labeled with stickers at Providence Holy Cross Medical Center in the Mission Hills section of Los Angeles, Saturday, Jan. 9, 2021. The U.S. death toll from the coronavirus has eclipsed 400,000 in the waning hours in office for President Donald Trump. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
It is as though there are two parallel universes co-existing here, one hopeful and “normal for now,” the other overwhelmed by suffering.
Jim McDermottJanuary 22, 2021
Two sisters reflected for America on the experiences of faith and grace they have found in the midst of a profoundly challenging time for their community.
Mary Andrew BudinskiJanuary 22, 2021