Vatican: Lack of legal, safe channels for migration helps traffickers

Volunteers of the Order of Malta's Italian Relief Corps provide assistant to an infant rescued in the Mediterranean Sea. (CNS photo/courtesy CISOM) Volunteers of the Order of Malta's Italian Relief Corps provide assistant to an infant rescued in the Mediterranean Sea. (CNS photo/courtesy CISOM) 

VIENNA (CNS) -- Many people become more vulnerable to abuse and exploitation when safe, legal and affordable opportunities for immigration or asylum are lacking, a Vatican official told global leaders.

Since human traffickers "can easily take advantage of the desperation of migrants and asylum seekers," such people on the move can end up "in an irregular or undocumented status," which puts them "at a very high risk of abuse and exploitation, including trafficking and enslavement," said Jesuit Father Michael Czerny, undersecretary of the migrant and refugee section of the Holy See.

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That is why the Vatican believes it is very important countries guarantee "adequate legal frameworks and reliable pathways to prevent migrants from becoming victims of human trafficking," he said on Sept. 4.

The priest spoke at a meeting in Vienna on Sept. 4-5 that was part of the U.N. process for developing and adopting a Global Compact for Migration and a Global Compact on Refugees. The U.N. hopes to have a draft of the compacts ready by February and to present them to the general assembly in September 2018.

Father Czerny led the Vatican delegation at the meeting where other Catholic organizations also have been participating in discussions and hearings to formulate the compacts.

He told the assembly that "despite the great achievements of international agreements, asylum seekers and migrants, who risk their lives in search of safety and a new home, are still and ever more vulnerable, especially to criminal organizations."

"Since safe, regular and affordable routes are generally not available, many migrants employ smugglers," he said. Since smugglers are sometimes involved or connected with human trafficking, migrating to start a new life "can go disastrously wrong."

While victims and potential victims need more protections, he said, receiving communities need to recognize the role they play as part of fueling the demand for forced and slave labor, particularly in prostitution and work that does not meet legal standards in terms of pay or safety.

With human trafficking now being a multibillion-dollar industry, "slavery must not be an unavoidable aspect of economies. Instead, business should be in the vanguard in combating and preventing this travesty," Father Czerny said.

A measure of the Global Compact for Migration's success "will be if tomorrow's migratory movements are no longer inevitably marked by human smuggling as today's clearly are," he said. "For irregular migration is not freely chosen but rather forced on people because legal and secure channels are simply not accessible."

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Don Honda
8 months 2 weeks ago

At least for the US, there is ample legal avenues for immigration. There are ample avenues for bona fide asylum cases and for different types of temporary or limited immigration for jobs. The last eight years were a disaster for the US because due to Obama's lax enforcement policy and increasing incentives for Illegal immigration caused people to believe that it was approved to enter/stay illegally. They would wait for an eventually mass amnesty as to what happened in 1986.

This was seen especially for the illegal mass migration of UACs (unaccompanied children---many who WERE joined by family members) from non-contiguous countries (mostly Central America) to the US. They were using the loopholes of US not immediately deporting UACs from non-contiguous countries and bogging the court system with false "asylum" claims. It is a fact that media and clergy in Central America were encouraging people to illegally enter the US using these loopholes and false promises of obtaining "permisos."

This all contributed to the increased use of coyotes with all the abuse, extortion and deaths included. Also, once UACs entered the US, they were either picked up by family members in the US (usually illegally) never to be seen again or placed in US "foster" homes who were paid with many abusing the children, including sex and human trafficking schemes.

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