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  Pope Francis meets then-Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick during his general audience at the Vatican June 19, 2013. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)

VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Pope Francis, Cardinal Marc Ouellet and an official Vatican statement seem to be laying the groundwork for an admission that mistakes were made in handling allegations that Archbishop Theodore E. McCarrick engaged in sexual misconduct and even abuse.

But they also make clear that his ordination as a bishop (of Metuchen, New Jersey), appointment as archbishop -- first of Newark, New Jersey, and then Washington -- and his induction into the College of Cardinals all took place during the pontificate of St. John Paul II.

The first formal sanctions on Archbishop McCarrick were imposed by Pope Francis in June after an investigation found credible allegations of the sexual abuse of minors.

Cardinal Ouellet, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, stated unequivocally Oct. 7 that now-retired Pope Benedict XVI never imposed sanctions on then-Cardinal McCarrick, so it is untrue that Pope Francis "invalidated" them, as Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, the former nuncio to the United States, claimed.

But, Cardinal Ouellet said, rumors about Archbishop McCarrick did reach the Vatican years ago, so both he and his predecessor, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, made requests to Archbishop McCarrick "not to travel or to make public appearances, in order to avoid new rumors about him."

"The congregation's decision was inspired by prudence, and the letters from my predecessor and my own letters urged him, first through the apostolic nuncio, (Archbishop) Pietro Sambi, and then through you (Archbishop Vigano), to lead a life of prayer and penance for his own good and for the good of the church," Cardinal Ouellet wrote in an open letter to Archbishop Vigano.

Like many people in the church, Cardinal Ouellet asked: "How is it possible that this man of the church, whose incoherence has now been revealed, was promoted many times, and was nominated to such a high position as archbishop of Washington and cardinal?"

The answer, he said, is that "there were failures in the selection procedures implemented in his case" and "the concerns that were raised by witnesses should have been examined more closely."

"The concerns that were raised by witnesses should have been examined more closely."

The Vatican press office Oct. 6 published a statement saying Pope Francis has decided that as the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith continues its investigations into the sex abuse allegations against Cardinal McCarrick, "a further thorough study of the entire documentation present in the archives of the dicasteries and offices of the Holy See regarding the former Cardinal McCarrick" will take place.

The goal of the study, the statement said, is "to ascertain all the relevant facts, to place them in their historical context and to evaluate them objectively."

The mention of the "historical context" is important.

The Vatican itself explained Oct. 6: "The Holy See is conscious that, from the examination of the facts and of the circumstances, it may emerge that choices were taken that would not be consonant with a contemporary approach to such issues. However, as Pope Francis has said: 'We will follow the path of truth wherever it may lead' (Philadelphia, Sept. 27, 2015).

"Both abuse and its cover-up can no longer be tolerated, and a different treatment for bishops who have committed or covered up abuse, in fact, represents a form of clericalism that is no longer acceptable," the statement continued.

"Both abuse and its cover-up can no longer be tolerated"

Obviously, many Catholics are outraged that church leaders who seem to have ready answers for how laypeople should live and behave have been so slow to figure out a way to stop sexual abuse by clergy and to hold bishops and cardinals accountable for their personal behavior and for the cover-up.

Pope Francis, while refusing to respond directly to Archbishop Vigano's accusations, told reporters in late September that he understands Catholics, including young Catholics, are scandalized by the reports of abuse and cover-up.

However, he also said the church is still learning and progress has been made, but it is not right to judge the past based on what is known and considered today the best way to proceed.

Referring explicitly to the Pennsylvania grand jury report on abuse released in mid-August, the pope said the cases were numerous "until the early 1970s," but "in more recent times, they decreased because the church realized that she had to grapple with this in another way. In times past, these things were covered up," both in the church and within families.

Pope Francis told reporters flying back to Rome with him from Estonia that "a historical fact should be interpreted with the hermeneutic of the time in which this fact occurred, not with today's hermeneutic."

Pope Francis told reporters that "a historical fact should be interpreted with the hermeneutic of the time in which this fact occurred, not with today's hermeneutic."

Popular sensitivities and church teaching have developed over the centuries, he said, pointing to colonization and the awareness of the rights of indigenous people or attitudes toward capital punishment. "Even the Vatican, as a state -- when it was a pontifical state -- had the death penalty; the last one, a criminal, a young man, was beheaded around 1870. But then moral consciousness grew; the moral conscience grew."

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Michael Barberi
5 years 7 months ago

In the past, the Church admitted that some priests sexually abused minors but were extremely slow, and in many cases blind and deaf, to investigating bishops of coverup (and perhaps sexual abuse as well) and bringing them to justice. Only until the PA Grand Jury Report was it explicitly clear to all that the cover-up by 6 bishops were extremely damning evidence that coverup and turning a blind eye to the truth is not limited to a few bishops but is a 'cancer' that is infecting the entire Church. It has infected Priests, Bishops, Cardinals and given the McCarrick scandal perhaps to the Papacy of JP II.

While everyone should be considered innocent until proven guilty, we need the facts that only can be credibly given by a lay lead investigative committee who are impartial with experience in investigations and judicial expertise.

To say that mistakes have been made and allegations and evidence of sexual abuse may not have been sufficiently evaluated is not an appropriate remark given what is known. It is like saying: 'We are all sinners and we make mistakes, but we are determined to thoroughly understand the problem and implement effective processes to eliminate this problem in the future.' Really?

I think there is more to this problem and much more expected in terms of a solution than what has been stated or implied by Ouellet.

gerald nichols
5 years 7 months ago

More attention should be given to the real reason for "cover-up", i.e., clergy can "blackmail" one another because of what is known of the behavior of each.

Michael Ward
5 years 7 months ago

Meh...overdue and short of the mark. "News" that blaming Francis for McCarrick's rise are "wrong" is a red herring as that's obviously not the case. Actually Ouelette's letter seems to verify key points in Vigano's charges ie. 1) "mistakes were made" meaning Uncle Ted was elevated despite knowledge circulating that he had "problems" So, who promoted and protected him and why? That there were no records "in the archives" about miscreant judgments to promotes and protect is yet another red herring as a conspiracy to promote and protect would hardly be documented, and 2) the Cardinal admits that Benedict imposed some type of limitation that McCarrick flouted and no one higher up seemed to care. Score another point for Viggano being more accurate than not. No "formal sanctions" in the archives is yet another red herring as the sanctions imposed by Benedict were informal and discrete...which is another huge problem. As to the rumors of McCarrick's problems? How come no one from Rome or DC followed up on them? Yet another problem Viggano alluded to. Not impressed with this as a "response". Come on. Gonna have to do better than this. Seems like kabuki theater to me. Save it for a formal indpendent inquiry where you can be deposed. An inquiry focused on the files is wothless as wrong doing in not liekly to be so conveniently "documented" People need to be told they need to answer direct questions face to face without the time to compose a lot of dust to throw in the air. More "releases" like this seem to be intentional distractions that are worse than useless in identifying the truth. They hurt credibility rather than strengthen it. Rome needs to give the US bishops their visitation and the lay led effort that they asked for, let 'em loose and get out of the way. That seems to me to be the only way to turn this around. The US Church was saddled with McCarrick and deserves clear truthful answers...regardless of where that truth leads.

gerald nichols
5 years 7 months ago

Get with it! Pope Francis is saying "That was then, this is now."

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