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Gerard O’ConnellMarch 03, 2018
Pope Francis touches a statue of Mary and Jesus after crowning it during Mass at Lobito beach in Iquique, Chile, Jan. 18. (CNS photo/Paul Haring) Pope Francis touches a statue of Mary and Jesus after crowning it during Mass at Lobito beach in Iquique, Chile, Jan. 18. (CNS photo/Paul Haring) 

Pope Francis has decreed that “the Memorial of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church,” should be inscribed in the Roman Calendar on the Monday after Pentecost and be celebrated every year in churches throughout the world.

The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments announced this in a decree published by the Vatican today, March 3, and signed by the congregation’s prefect, Cardinal Robert Sarah, and its secretary, Archbishop Arthur Roche. The pope, who has emphasized many times the importance of Mary in the church, approved this last Thursday when he received the cardinal in a private audience.

A “memorial” is a lower-ranked feast day. Celebrations of feast days in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church are distinguished according to their importance and named either as solemnities, feasts or memorials.

The Memorial will celebrated on the Monday after Pentecost in churches throughout the world.

The decree, signed by the two Vatican prelates, said “the joyous veneration” given to the Mother of God by the contemporary church “in the light of reflection on the mystery of Christ and on his nature” cannot ignore “the Virgin Mary, who is both the Mother of Christ and Mother of the Church.”

It traced the history of this veneration down the centuries from the period of the early church as is reflected in the writing of St. Augustine (354-430) and St. Leo the Great, who was pope from 440-461. It recalled that St. Augustine said “Mary is the mother of the members of Christ, because with charity she cooperated in the rebirth of the faithful into the Church” while St. Leo said “the birth of the Head is also the birth of the body, thus indicating that Mary is at once Mother of Christ, the Son of God, and mother of the members of his Mystical Body, which is the Church.”

The Vatican prelates in the decree recalled that “as a caring guide to the emerging Church Mary had already begun her mission in the Upper Room, praying with the Apostles while awaiting the coming of the Holy Spirit.” Then, in the course of the centuries, “Christian piety has honored Mary with various titles” that are in many ways equivalent” such as “Mother of Disciples, of the Faithful, of Believers,” but also under the title “Mother of the Church” as is found in the texts of spiritual authors and the magisterium of Popes Benedict XIV and Leo XIII.

All this laid the foundation that enabled Blessed Paul VI, at the conclusion of the Third Session of the Second Vatican Council, Nov. 21, 1964, to declare the Blessed Virgin Mary as “Mother of the Church, that is to say of all Christian people, the faithful as well as the pastors, who call her the most loving Mother.” Paul VI decreed at the same time that “the Mother of God should be further honored and invoked by the entire Christian people by this tenderest of titles.”

The authors of the decree recalled various initiatives by the Holy See and the local churches in the following decades that resulted in the establishment of a votive Mass in honor of “the blessed Mary Mother of the Church” (1975) that was subsequently inserted into the Roman Missal, as well as the publication of invocations and formularies.

The congregation’s decree laid down that “the memorial therefore is to appear in all Calendars and liturgical books for the celebration of Mass and of the Liturgy of the Hours,” and provide the relative liturgical texts for this purpose.

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James Haraldson
6 years 1 month ago

I hope he doesn't reconsider once he learns what his pal Luther said about Mary.

Christopher Lochner
6 years 1 month ago

Now, now! This does deflect the attention of the Faithful from all of the calumny involving financial and sexual abuse and the horrid attacks on church phar...,uhh, leaders. Whoa! This is a high level of media savviness, no? Myself, I welcome another opportunity to connect with the Supreme and leave the all-to-earthly church behind with the opportunity to raise both my eyes and lamentations to Heaven and not to rome. ((lower case intentional))

ytubepuppy .
6 years 1 month ago

In many instances, it seems that historically, Catholic leadership is the same as Muslim leadership only with bling.

norman ravitch
6 years 1 month ago

Just what Catholics need: another Marian holiday. This church is out of touch even with the 18th century.

Nora Bolcon
6 years 1 month ago

I think this is a nice thing for Pope Francis to have done.

However, I just wish he would really sit down and think about what he is declaring with such a Feast.

If Mary is the mother of Jesus, and God is Jesus' Father, which we all believe is true as Catholics, and then also Mary is the mother of all the church because the church is Jesus' body, and since lacking a biological father, his flesh can only be of his mother, and anyone who partakes of that flesh becomes a part of HIM, then when Jesus offered his body and blood on Holy Thursday, to both his apostles and disciples of both sexes, he was doing it in persona of his Mother for lack of any other person's possible flesh to do it in.

So why then does our Pope refuse to treat and ordain women the same as men since believing women are In Persona Christi every day of their lives, and In Persona Mary as well, and so are all believing men who partake of Holy Eucharist?

One can not be of Christ without equally being of Mary. Just as Eve is merely the completion and finishing of the one flesh, Adam and therefor is Adam or Man equally to Adam, so is Christ fully in Mary and Mary fully in Christ. Christ is the completion of Mary just as Eve was the completion of Adam. Does this mean that Christ should play a lower role than Mary? God Forbid!! His perfection became her salvation and immortality. However, God brings balance back to Man, as a creation, by having his son dependent entirely upon female flesh for his existence as man.

Misogyny is devouring our church and rotting out it's heart daily. The time for change is now and we must demand it daily until it comes in full, with women ordained alongside their brothers, as priests and bishops, and made cardinals and popes.

Vince Killoran
6 years 1 month ago

Well stated Nora!

John M
6 years 1 month ago

How odd that, despite the obviousness of Mary mysticism to you, it never occurred to the likes of St. Paul to write "Therefore if any man be in Mary, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new."

It takes a woman, I guess.

James M.
6 years 1 month ago

Apples and snowflakes - one of these things is not like the other: Our Lady is not a female Christ. She is, as St Louis de Montfort pointed out over 300 years ago, “less than nothing, in comparison with God”, so she cannot be swapped with her Divine Son. They are not comparable. So it would make absolutely no sense to apply that passage., Galatians 3.28, to her. For she is not Christ through Whom we have salvation, reconciliation with the Father, forgiveness of sin, redemption, renewal, and all else that comes to us through Christ.

James M.
6 years 1 month ago

Kudos to the Holy Father for doing this. It is interesting that he did not, as he might have, appoint the 5th of August as the date, since that is the feast of Our Lady of the Snows in the old calendar.

He is not really doing more than underlining what Paul VI did in 1964, when he gave Our Lady the title Mother of the Church. This shouldn’t be an ecumenical obstacle either.

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