Sacha Baron Cohen searches for America. Don’t be shocked by what he finds.

Roy Moore with Sacha Baron Cohen (photo: Showtime)Roy Moore with Sacha Baron Cohen (photo: Showtime)

“Shock is just another uptown word for surprise,” George Carlin declared in a 2005 documentary about comedy. “Granted it has a different quality to it, but a joke is about surprising someone.” By that definition, Sacha Baron Cohen proved himself a master of surprise with HBO’s “Da Ali G Show”(2003) and his feature film “Borat” (2006). Both were brilliant mixtures of satire, slapstick and social commentary constructed out of deeply uncomfortable interactions between Cohen’s ridiculous characters and an unsuspecting cast of politicians, celebrities and average citizens. His subsequent movies largely failed to build on the promise of those earlier efforts, but with Showtime’s “Who Is America?” he has returned to his roots in episodic television, playing multiple characters and using the controversial guerilla-style filmmaking methods that first brought him fame—or infamy, depending on who you ask.

As an agent provocateur, Cohen’s new show had an impact before it even aired. Both Sarah Palin and the former Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore denounced Cohen publicly for duping them. Moore even threatened potential legal action regarding a segment in which he repeatedly sets off a fictitious pedophile alarm developed by the Israeli military. Moore’s episode aired on July 29 and can be seen here. Palin’s interview had not yet aired by the time of this writing.

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As an agent provocateur, Cohen’s new show had an impact before it even aired.

The consequences for Georgia State Representative Jason Spencer’s appearance were much more immediate. The Republican lawmaker, who had supported a proposed burqa ban”in his state, was forced to resign after he repeatedly used the “n-word” and exposed his buttocks during a segment with Cohen disguised as Col. Erran Morad, an Israeli anti-terrorism expert.

Creating an all-too-predictable sociopolitical Rorschach test, voices from across the spectrum have projected their own biases onto “Who Is America?” Some critics have bemoaned that in Trump’s America there is nothing funny—or healing—about exposing so much toxic ignorance and prejudice in our polarized society. At the same time, conservatives contend that media elites like Cohen love nothing more than to mock traditional American values.

The reality is more complex.

As Dr. Nira Cain-N’Degeocello—a self-described “cis-gendered, white, heterosexual male, for which I apologize”—Cohen has crafted a brilliant and hilarious send-up of liberal stereotypes and orthodoxies. It is the best character he has created since Borat and, much like his Kazakhstani counterpart, Dr. Nira’s earnest cluelessness generates laugh-out-loud moments when he encounters the unfailingly polite and welcoming conservatives with whom he is trying to “Heal the Divide.”

Cohen’s legendary ability to mine discomfort, outrageousness and even offensiveness for comedic effect was on full display well over a decade ago. A 2004 segment caused controversy on all sides when Borat led an Arizona barroom in a sing-along version of a song he wrote containing the chorus “throw the Jew down the well, so my country can be free.” Two years later, Christopher Hitchens argued that the truth about Borat’s “cultural learnings” was not that Americans are racists but that we are “almost pedantic in [our] hospitality and politesse.”

“Who Is America?” takes place in a post-taboo age where shamelessness has become a virtue.

As unsettling as the sight of people laughing and singing along to such anti-Semitic sentiments is, it is also a bit of Andy-Kaufman-esque performance art that makes it difficult to distinguish whether the audience agrees with the sentiment or if they are just placating the surreal but well-meaning foreigner in their midst.

The truth is that 2004 was a time in which cultural taboos actually still seemed to exist. “Who Is America?” takes place in a post-taboo age where shamelessness has become a virtue. How else to explain how Cohen got current and former Republican lawmakers to go on camera in support of a fictional Israeli gun program called KinderGuardians? The program purports to train children ages 3 to 16 in the use of firearms and mortars. Somehow those facts did not deter enthusiastic lawmakers and lobbyists who were all too willing to gleefully sing its praises. “In less than a month, a first grader can become a first grenader,” the former Illinois Congressman Joe Walsh optimistically says to the camera.

“I support the kinder-guardians program,” former Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott states in his endorsement. “We, in America, would be wise to implement it, too. It’s something that we should think about, America, about putting guns in the hands of law-abiding citizens…good guys, whether they be teachers, or whether they actually be talented children or highly trained preschoolers.”

What is the appropriate reaction to such insanity? Humor can be a powerful weapon and laughter can be an effective coping mechanism in a world turned upside down. But it is difficult not to see such episodes as confirming that we are also in a post-language moment where words don’t matter and what we say has been rendered meaningless and utterly disconnected from any sense of a shared, coherent and lived reality.

That is the dark joke at the core of who America is now.

Surprise.

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
Lisa Weber
2 weeks 4 days ago

I have watched several of these episodes and find it unbelievable that people would do and say what they did on film.

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 4 days ago

Couldn’t agree more, Lisa. What politician worth their salt would just read such insanity off a TelePrompTer?!

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 4 days ago

Couldn’t agree more, Lisa. What politician worth their salt would just read such insanity off a TelePrompTer?!

Maria Hernandez
1 week 4 days ago

Lisa admitted: "I have watched several of these episodes..."

The better question is: why would anyone watch a sham actor like Cohen? Euphemisms like "provocateur" sugar coat the reality of this guy - he is lying in who he presents himself to others. When was this noble? When did lying about who one is a virtue?

Bill Clinton did this to us. Bill & Hillary Clinton, as many in the Democrat Party have admitted, were very good liars, and they both got a pass. Now we have Fake News headlines driving our hysteria.

J Cosgrove
2 weeks 4 days ago

A better question

Is there an America anymore?

There is a physical place but with the destroying of the culture there is no America as a country. Surprise!!!

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 4 days ago

Can you clarify what you mean about the destroying of the culture?

J Cosgrove
2 weeks 3 days ago

Easy,

Look at what is taught in the university? It's an open attempt to destroy what was known as Western Civilization? I suggest you read Jonah Goldberg's new book., the Suicide of the West. Add The Strange Death of Europe. There's an open positive discussion of socialism everywhere. Add the collapse of religion. Yes, the culture is gone.

J Cosgrove
2 weeks 3 days ago

I'm surprised you have to ask. Read about Amy Wax and what she said and then what happened to her. Not a peep of this phenomenon in America, the magazine. Instead we get Sacha Baron Cohen.

Stanley Kopacz
2 weeks 3 days ago

I wouldn't say it's a disappearance of culture as much as the constant overturning of mores due to relentless technical innovation. The Amish are careful about introducing technology and how it might impact their society. With the larger society, it's anything for a buck. People spend money for in vitro fertilization so people make money on in vitro fertilization, including sperm banks. Next stop, gene editing. Financial security for the average person is a thing of the past. Any semblance of a covenant between employers and employees is gone. Culture is a glue that holds people together. We have been taught by neoliberal dogma that we are rugged individualists. So now instead of any organic wholeness, we are a gas of individuals.

J Cosgrove
2 weeks 3 days ago

due to relentless technical innovation

Probably the most innovative period in human history in terms of changing one's life took place 1865-1965. In the first half of 20th century Schumpeter described the phenomena of creative destruction. What is happening now is the destruction of culture with no positive replacement. Technology accelerates this destruction and certainly is not helping but the basic cause lies elsewhere.

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 3 days ago

"So now instead of any organic wholeness, we are a gas of individuals." I like the way you put that Stanley.

Mark M
2 weeks ago

Really?
If you have to ask you really haven’t been paying attention.
But you know that.

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks ago

I actually have been paying attention, Mark M. I think the argument made about "the ruining of our culture" is not different in any significant way than the same charges leveled against my Irish ancestors a century ago or their Italian, Jewish, Polish etc neighbors. My grandparents remember signs posted about jobs with "Irish need not apply" on them. If we are trying to have a transparent conversation, it would be helpful if people used their full names here as anonymity isn't conducive to a meaningful dialogue.

J Cosgrove
2 weeks ago

I think the argument made about "the ruining of our culture" is not different in any significant way than the same charges leveled against my Irish ancestors a century ago

You should read more. Apparently you are not aware of what is happening around you. It has nothing to do with how individual groups were treated in the past or how other groups are now being treated. It is ideological not prejudice.

Maria Hernandez
1 week 4 days ago

Bill, if you need clarification it means you haven't / aren't paying attention to our world. You are part of the problem and sadly you "journalists" are busy anointing yourselves as beacons of truth when nothing of the sort is credible.

Bill McGarvey
1 week 4 days ago

Maria, disagreeing with you is not the same thing as not paying attention. Isn't it possible that in my attention paying I'm seeing reality differently? That somehow the changing complexion of American culture is not simply about disposing Western culture? That perhaps recognizing and accepting that diversity and complexity might actually result in a deepening richness in our own culture?

J Cosgrove
1 week 3 days ago

Can you point to where the assimilation of elements from other cultures has improved what was there before? I am all for multi ethnic diversity but have rarely seen how multi culturalism improves anything much and may actually lead to increasing dysfunctional behavior. It is also obvious that the culture in the US that was present after WWII has dissipated and essentially rotted from within and is not due to immigration or helped by it. It is ideological in nature. You implied there is a culture. What is it?

Bill McGarvey
1 week 3 days ago

J Cosgrove (still no full name unfortunately), your comment "Can you point to where the assimilation of elements from other cultures has improved what was there before?" coupled with your citing of "the culture in the US that was present after WWII has dissipated" really doesn't hold up under historical scrutiny. The culture after WWII that you extol was in fact the product of the assimilation of numerous different cultures. The very founding of America magazine in 1909 was the result of a desire for a different (Catholic) culture to find its place in the broader American religious, cultural and political discourse. Please clarify what this ideological issue is that you're referring to? The American "experiment" is a complex one but is not tied to one culture, ethnicity or religion. At its best, in theory (the reality has often fallen well short) it has been based on an idea, a value for difference and diversity. "E Pluribus Unum" is the ideal on our nation's Great Seal.

J Cosgrove
1 week 2 days ago

J Cosgrove (still no full name unfortunately)

I have been signing my name since grade school as JR Cosgrove. This was what I used to use on this site till the software changes eliminated the R. I also use jrcosgrove as my email address which I sign in with.

Are you unaware of the polarization phenomenon being discussed everywhere and on this site? There was a basic culture based on freedom that emanated from the Constitution and the country consisted of peoples from various cultures within Europe and even different cultures from within England all pursuing freedom. This culture flowed from England and was present in one other place in Europe, Holland. William Penn enlisted thousands of Germans early after founding his colony and they assimilated into the society while keeping some relevant folk ways even though they came from a non-free culture. The United States is one of few designed countries in the world and as such the laws in the constitution guided the culture over the next 200 years.

Too many people consider folkways as all that culture is but it is much more than dances and celebrations. Philadelphia was the best example of what became the United States as it was one of the most vibrant cities in the Western Hemisphere in the mid 1700's if not the most vibrant. As more and more immigrants came they settled in various parts of the country but had similar aspirations, freedom. The three melding events were the Civil War, WWI and WWII where disparate people fought and died along side each other. What came out of these wars was, a sense of unity as a country but it obviously took the South longer to feel united with the North. Both world wars caused the national solidity. The irony is that the feeling for the traditional country is now strongest in the South.

Since WWII there have been long but slow divisive forces from within that has been challenging this sense of unity. Mostly from the universities and other literary institutions. Universities have become the least tolerant part of our society as they try to eliminate what was America. A strange change from what is supposed to be a place tolerant of ideas to one that is intolerant. Along the way religion has increasingly dissipated so even here there is no binding glue for a common way of life. So two of the strongest binding forces are essentially gone.

I have seen no positive benefit in terms of culture from any of the recent immigration. If you can point to one, let me know. That does not mean that the people are not good people and cannot be Americans as it how that was always meant. It is just that the culture to what most were coming too in former years is in many ways gone. So what are they assimilating into especially when they are often told not to assimilate.

I can give you a lot of things to read but doubt you will. Why don't you review Jonah Goldberg's new book, "The Suicide of the West" or Dinesh D'Souza book and film, "Death of a Nation". Or add to that "The Strange Death of Europe" by Douglas Murray. Or read the reaction Amy Wax got at U. of Pennsylvania. What made America what it traditionally was is now mocked in the universities and at lower level education.

rose-ellen caminer
2 weeks 3 days ago

I think he's great; he shows just how gullible and manipulated Americans can be. Even in discussing the training toddlers to shoot video, someone on NPR expressed the belief that the outrage was to train toddlers in the US to shoot, but that for Israel it is done and it makes sense! This was accepted as perfectly appropriate. So that was the joke; they were talking about American not Israeli toddlers! Cohen showed us how when it comes to Israel ,we are so brainwashed that we who profess to believe in equality and dignity of all people, will resort to dehumanization[n word], and suspension of judgment [ train toddlers] in our eagerness to jump through any hoops to show our love for Israel.

Andrew Wolfe
2 weeks 2 days ago

Frankly I think your view of "how gullible and manipulated Americans can be" perfectly meshes with Cohen's consistent efforts to dehumanize conservative Americans. I've had enough of the divisiveness, haven't you?

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 2 days ago

As I mentioned in the piece, actually there are multiple characters he plays and with the Dr. Nira character (stereotypical liberal) conservatives come out looking incredibly sane and open minded. In terms of “dehumanizing conservatives” it’s difficult to defend elected public officials as victims who have willingly endorsed on camera a program to arm preschoolers. These aren’t naive people being duped and dehumanized. They are lawmakers and lobbyists who seem to have sacrificed all common sense in the name of partisan ideology.

Christopher Lochner
2 weeks 3 days ago

Really? Liberals and conservatives alike, there is no shortage of hypocrites in this world. And somwhow we are surprised.

Joe Sharkey
2 weeks 2 days ago

"As an agent provocateur, Cohen’s new show had an impact ..." I know it's August, but really, can we watch the misplaced modifiers please?

Andrew Wolfe
2 weeks 2 days ago

This piece is so poorly conceived and written I'm astonished to find it on America.

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for your comment Andrew. Perhaps you can elaborate for me why it is so “poorly conceived and written?”

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for your comment Andrew. Perhaps you can elaborate for me why it is so “poorly conceived and written?”

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks for your comment Andrew. Perhaps you can elaborate for me why it is so “poorly conceived and written?”

H. Thomas Blum
2 weeks 2 days ago

I find value in creative humor used to point out foibles in contemporary society. I find this article well conceived and well written. I really doubt the author expects everyone to agree with him. Suggest you argue on the ideas, not on whether or not America should have published the article. I tip my hat to America for sharing this article.

Bill McGarvey
2 weeks 2 days ago

Thanks H. Thomas. Woe is the author who expects everyone to agree with him... ;)

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