The good, the bad and the merciful: Pope Francis after six years

Flanked by Panama’s President Juan Carlos Varela, right, and first lady Lorena Castillo, Pope Francis arrives at the foreign ministry headquarters Palacio Bolivar, in Panama City, on Jan. 24, 2019. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

(RNS) — Six years ago, on March 13, the College of Cardinals surprised the world with the election of the Argentine Jesuit Jorge Bergoglio as pope. Taking the name Francis, he won the admiration and respect of Catholics and non-Catholics alike with his simplicity and concern for the poor and marginalized.

With each passing year, however, criticism of the pope has become more vocal, especially from the Catholic right, who think he is breaking with traditional church teaching, and the political right, who don’t like his views on global warming, immigration and social justice. Francis has also been unable to satisfy those who say the Catholic hierarchy’s response to the clergy sex abuse crisis has been inadequate.


I am a big fan of Pope Francis, in part because I think that any evaluation of his first six years as pope shows that his accomplishments outweigh his failings.

Pope Francis has successfully rebranded the Catholic Church, which had come to be regarded as a clerical institution that stressed rules and uniformity. If you wanted to be a good Catholic, you were given the catechism to memorize and told to follow the rules.

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Francis hates clericalism. He is constantly telling bishops and priests not to act like princes but rather like servants to the people of God. While he is kind and compassionate to the wider world, he can be very critical when speaking to bishops and priests. He warns against the temptation to manipulate or infantilize the laity. He urges clerics to empower the laity “to continue discerning, in a way befitting their growth as disciples, the mission which the Lord has entrusted to them.”

For Francis, the church is not a country club for the good and beautiful. Rather, it is a “poor church for the poor,” a “field hospital” for the wounded. That is why he stresses compassion and mercy.

In contrast to the last two popes, who taught using complex theological concepts, Francis appeals to the heart. He complains that “we have reduced our way of speaking about mystery to rational explanations, but for ordinary people the mystery enters through the heart.”

He believes that “we lose people because they don’t understand what we are saying, because we have forgotten the language of simplicity and impart an intellectualism foreign to our people.”

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Francis’ focus on the simple message of the gospel is quite threatening to those Catholics who confuse theology with the faith. Theology is how we explain the faith to ourselves and others. Augustine used Neoplatonism to explain the faith to a generation whose intellectuals were all Neoplatonists. Thomas Aquinas used Aristotelianism, the avant-garde thinking of the 13th century, to explain the faith in his day.

The mistake today’s conservatives make is to simply quote these great thinkers, rather than imitate them in developing new ways to explain Christianity to people of the 21st century. With few Neoplatonists or Aristotelians around today, theologians must have the freedom to discover new ways of explaining Christianity, even if this leads to new ways of understanding of human rights, justice, sexuality, marriage and the role of women.

Unlike his predecessors, Francis is not afraid of encouraging discussion in the church. “Open and fraternal debate makes theological and pastoral thought grow,” Francis said in a controversial interview with the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera in 2014. “That doesn’t frighten me. What’s more, I look for it.”

Francis’ approach has implications for the pastoral priorities of the Catholic Church. For him, the first words of evangelization must be about God’s compassion and love. Everything in Christianity flows from that message, which Jesus stressed constantly in the gospels. Preaching must flow from the gospels, not merely be a presentation of the catechism and a rulebook.

In short, Francis is concerned above all with how we live the faith, more than how we explain it. Orthopraxy trumps orthodoxy.

The practical impact of this emphasis on love and mercy is a more compassionate attitude toward divorced and remarried Catholics as well as LGBT Catholics. If the church is a field hospital, then Communion is not just for the heathy and perfect but for the sick and wounded.

But Francis is not perfect.

Until this time last year, he did not truly understand the sex abuse crisis. After learning that he had been misled by the Chilean bishops, he demanded that they all submit their resignations because they had not protected children. He also began meeting with victims of abuse to hear firsthand their stories.

This was transformative, but although he has begun holding bishops accountable for the safety of children, he still has not created a structure for doing this in a systematic way.

In responding the the sex abuse crisis, Francis has also called for transparency. The real test of this ethic will come with the investigation into what people in the Vatican knew about Theodore McCarrick’s misconduct. Will the results be public? If the report finds that the Vatican was aware all along — before his appointment to the archbishopric of Washington — that McCarrick had slept with seminarians, it will be very embarrassing to the last two popes and the cardinals who surrounded them.

When the pope talks about women, he also fumbles, sounding like a grandfather whose grandchildren love him but roll their eyes when he speaks. He is out of touch with First World feminist language and sensitivities. His focus rather is on women’s issues in the Third World, which does make him an able campaigner against human trafficking and a supporter of policies that lift women out of poverty.

Pope Francis’ strength is as a pastor who calls people to conversion. He does not think like an administrator, one who establishes policies and structures to ensure things are done properly.

For this reason, his reform of the Vatican Curia has accomplished little. He understands the importance of changing the culture of the church, but does not understand the importance of reforming church structures.

Hopefully, Pope Francis will have many more years as pope so that he can appoint more bishops who support his vision for the church and deal with other issues that face the church and the world.

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Michael Bindner
5 months 1 week ago

Michael Sean Winters addressed this topic too. I made a few comments on the laity.

Synodality reverses the power of the Curia. It also gives practical justification for the limitation of liability for the Vatican for abuse awards (although at the time, the Church was enjoying a double standard). Synodality reflects dialog among the bishops.

Synodality does not recognize the ultimate sovereignty of the laity and recognition that Skekinah also dwells within them.

The laity have been given the right to be heard and must exercise fortitude, counsel, understanding and knowledge in the affairs of the Church. Piety and Awe of the Lord are
not loyalty to the hierarchy.

This includes a more practical sexual ethics, priestly continence and the ordination of women, as well as the protection of the environment.

Terrance Wagner
5 months 1 week ago

I personally think that Pope Francis was a gift from God to all of us. Perfect no, but then who is except Jesus another gift from God given to us some 2000 or so years ago. Like St. Francis of Assisi he was sent to repair the ills of the church. He is dealing with people that do not want to be shepards etc. do not want to give up the power. Please trust in God that he picked Jorge to do the job. Peter was not perfect either so they say. Just pray, God is the Director and I think he would like our support for his church

Barry Sullivan
5 months 1 week ago

Well put, Terrance. I too see Pope Francis as a gift from God. Also, I like your connection with St Francis of Assisi.
Thank you

arthur mccaffrey
5 months 1 week ago

Francis minus institution would be a good priest. Francis plus institution will be permanently hobbled. Solution?--get rid of the Institution

Jeffrey More
5 months 1 week ago

Pope Bergoglio, sad to say, is an imbecile. His papacy is a disaster in virtually all respects.
Take the sexual abuse crisis, for example. For some reason, Bergoglio seems to have an instinctual sympathy for clerics (particularly South American clerics) who have beyond any reasonable doubt been proven to have engaged in sexual misconduct. He has a much deserved reputation for petty and nasty vindictiveness (one example of which was his knee-jerk (and totally unjustified) accusation (later retracted) that Chilean sexual abuse victims were guilty of slander). He adopted a bizarre attitude of militant silence in the face of Abp. Vigano’s accusations concerning his actions with respect to Teddy McCarrick, while in essence slandering Vigano as a instrument of Satan for making allegations he could - but refused to - easily refute. He promised to respond to Vigano’s allegations, but has still failed to do so despite the passage of many months since the allegations were first made.
Take the case of the Church in China as another example of Bergoglio’s fecklessness. As Joseph Cardinal Zen has correctly pointed out, the Pope seems to have a soft spot for Communists. In all events, his de facto recognition of the Patriotic Association as the legitimate Church has betrayed the faithful who have risked their lives holding out loyally for the real Church, and has paved the way for the possible destruction of that Church in China.
All in all, one of the smartest things the Society of Jesus ever did was to exile Jorge Mario Bergoglio to Córdoba in 1990 and to prohibit him from saying Mass or preaching in public during his exile. It’s truly a tragedy that the Abp. of Buenos Aires rescued this man, despite Jesuit Superior Peter Kolvenbach’s assessment of him as vulgar, devious and psychologically unbalanced.


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