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Gerard O’ConnellOctober 16, 2017
Pope Francis is pictured next to a statue of Alan Kurdi, the 3-year-old Syrian boy who drowned in September 2015 while crossing the Mediterranean Sea. (CNS photo/Paul Haring) 

“It’s clear that wars and climate change cause hunger; let us stop presenting it as an incurable illness,” Pope Francis said in a powerful keynote address at the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization on Oct.16. He called on governments worldwide to take collaborative action to overcome the three interconnected plagues of conflict, climate change and hunger.

“In this situation, we can and we must change direction,” the pope said. “What is at stake is the credibility of the whole international system.” His audience included government ministers from the Group of Seven countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, as well as the ambassadors of F.A.O. member states and the organization’s top officials.

“It’s clear that wars and climate change cause hunger; let us stop presenting it as an incurable illness.”

Francis spelled out several concrete steps that need to be taken by governments and the international community at a moment in which hunger is on the rise for the first time in decades, with 815 million people suffering from chronic undernourishment and millions of migrants worldwide, as the F.A.O.’s director general, José Graziano da Silva, told the pope in his welcome address.

“The relation between hunger and migrations can only be faced if we go to the roots of the problem,” Pope Francis said, speaking in Spanish. He noted that studies conducted by the United Nations and civil society groups concur that to effectively address the problems of hunger and migration “two main obstacles have to be overcome: conflicts and climate change.”

He said international law has the means “for preventing and rapidly resolving” conflict and avoiding “famine and destruction of the social fabric.” What is needed is “goodwill and dialogue to stop the conflicts and a total commitment in favor of a gradual and systematic disarming [of the combatants], as envisaged by the Charter of the United Nations, as well as remedying the terrible plague of the arms trade.”

“The relation between hunger and migrations can only be faced if we go to the roots of the problem.”

On climate change, Pope Francis said, “We see the consequences every day,” but “thanks to science, we know how to face these problems.” He recalled that “the international community has already drawn up the necessary juridical instruments such as, for example, the Paris accords, from which, unfortunately, some are distancing themselves.”

This remark was widely interpreted as a reference to President Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Paris agreement on climate change, which was adopted on Dec. 12, 2015, and signed by 195 parties. It has already been ratified by 168 states.

“It is necessary to strive for a concrete and practical consensus if one wishes to avoid the most tragic consequences that continue to fall on the poorest and most defenseless persons,” the pope said. He emphasized the need for a change in lifestyle, in the use of resources, in the systems of production and in consumption, especially regarding food, so much of which is lost or thrown away. He presented all the above as “the presuppositions” for any serious discussion about food security linked to the phenomenon of migration.

Francis first spoke at the F.A.O. headquarters in 2014, and he was invited again this year to give the keynote address on World Food Day, which has as its theme: “Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and rural development.” Every year World Food Day is celebrated on the anniversary of the establishment of the F.A.O. by the United Nations on Oct. 16, 1945, to cope with the problems of hunger, the displacement of peoples and poverty in the wake of World War II.

“Is it exaggerated to introduce into the language of international cooperation the category of love?”

Pope Francis welcomed as “a sign of hope” the F.A.O. forecast that there will be an increase in “the global production of cereals, which will ensure greater world food reserves.” But he denounced the fact that “food resources are frequently exposed to speculation” and seen in terms of the economic benefit they bring to the big producers, rather than of the needs of the people. He warned that by acting in this way “conflicts and waste are favored, and the number of the poor who have to leave their homelands is increased.”

The pope noted that when faced with an increased demand for food in the world, some argue that it is sufficient “to reduce the number of mouths to feed.” He rejected this as “a false solution,” if one takes into account the amount of discarded food and the models of consumption that waste food resources. “It’s easy to reduce, on the other hand; to share implies a conversion, and that is demanding.”

Then looking at his audience, the pope said: “I ask myself, and you, too, this question: Is it exaggerated to introduce into the language of international cooperation the category of love, linked to that of gratuity, equality of treatment, solidarity, the culture of gift, brotherhood, mercy?” He explained that these words express “the practical content” of the word “humanitarian.”

Likewise, he said, “to love the brothers and sisters, taking the initiative, without hoping for a return” is a principle that is found in all religions and cultures and has been converted into “the principle of humanity,” which is part of the language of international relations.

“To love means “to contribute so that each country increases production and reaches self-sufficiency in food.”

In practical terms, Francis said, to love means “to contribute so that each country increases production and reaches self-sufficiency in food.” To love means “to think new models of development and consumption and to adopt policies that do not aggravate the situation of populations that are less advanced or their external dependence.” To love means “not to continue to divide the human family between those who have a surplus and those who lack the bare necessities.”

Then, in what was seen as a reference to the nuclear accord with Iran, Pope Francis recalled that diplomacy has shown in recent times that “it is possible to halt the recourse to arms of mass destruction.” He said, “everyone is conscious of their capacity for destruction,” but, he asked, “are we equally conscious of the effects of poverty and of exclusion? How are we to stop people who are willing to risk everything, entire generations who can disappear because they lack their daily bread or are the victims of violence and climate change?”

Next, in a message that appeared directed to governments, Pope Francis said: “They cannot be stopped by physical, economic, legislative or ideological barriers. Only the coherent application of the principle of humanity can do that.”

Francis noted that today public aid for development is being reduced and international agencies are being limited in their activities, while governments pursue bilateral agreements “that subordinate cooperation to the respect of particular agendas and alliances” or to a “tranquility of the moment.”

He made clear, however, that “the management of human mobility requires coordinated and systematic intergovernmental activity, conducted according to the existing international norms and permeated by love and intelligence.” The aim of this is to bring about “the encounter of peoples” and “to generate dialogue and union, not exclusion and vulnerability.”

He told his audience that “the burden of misery caused by the often tragic movement of migrants can be removed through a [program of] prevention, made of projects of development that create jobs and the capacity to respond to climate and environmental changes.” He reminded them that “prevention costs much less than the effects caused by the degradation of lands and the pollution of waters, effects that hit the nerve centers of the planet where poverty is the only law, diseases are on the increase and the hope of life is diminished.”

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Thomas Farrelly
6 years 6 months ago

All of this has been said before, to little effect. I would prefer that the Pope devote his time and energy to concentrate on the lack of priestly vocations, a problem that he is uniquely able to alleviate. Like his two predecessors, he seems unwilling to take on this horrific threat to the Church's survival. No elected politician could survive such a non-response to a coming disaster.

Ross Warnell
6 years 6 months ago

The shortage of vocations to the traditional clerical sacerdotal Priesthood is due in no small measure to centuries (millennia?) of barely giving a footnote to the Priesthood conferred by Baptism. A system all too often characterized by Authoritarianism, Clericalism, Legalism and Disdain for the Laity is falling of its own weight. We must keep in mind that the protection against the gates of Hell prevailing is the pattern of the Paschal Mystery - death and resurrection.

Ellen B
6 years 6 months ago

Our elected politicians seem to be surviving non-responses. That said, Pope Francis is advocating for the survival of our species. The earth will survive whether we are here or not. People however, are already dying as a result of climate change & will cease to exist if no action is taken. Assuming people are still living on this earth, the church will survive. The church has survived for 2000 years by changing. The church will eventually have to change in order to attract individuals for priestly vocations.

Gino Dalpiaz
6 years 6 months ago


Shades of Galileo Galilei! There we go again with the global warming thing. I wish the Vatican and other religious bodies would leave the science of global warming to the scientists, not to the theologians.

(America Magazine, Oct. 16, 2017 - "Pope Francis: War and climate change cause hunger; stop treating it as an incurable illness”)

What arrogance has taken possession of us poor frail creatures on this mortal coil, making us think that we can change the weather on this huge planet. We forget that glowing star out there that we fondly call the sun, which from time immemorial has been sending us its powerful rays, its warmth and its energy. We forget the powerful forces in the very belly of our magnificent planet, a planet we think we can tame. We’re acting like little gods. But we're just little ants.

The Global Warming people often confuse global-warming /climate-change with ecology/environment. Taking care of the environment has nothing to do with trying to change the climate of Planet Earth. The Sun has been taking care of climate change for millions of years and will continue to do so. We little ants will take care of the environment/ecology side of the equation.

One Galileo Galilei is more than enough!

James Haraldson
6 years 6 months ago

He never ceases to take pride in his willful ignorance. Idolatry of government, tyranny, and socialism cause hunger and poverty. For Francis to have enough humility to understand this would require that he abandon his idolatry.

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