Pope Francis and his senior advisers were “clearly disappointed” by President Trump’s decision to pull out of the Paris agreement on climate change “and had hoped this would not have happened,” Vatican sources told America. They recalled that the White House advisers that accompanied the president to meet Pope Francis and senior Vatican officials on May 24 appeared more in favor of abiding by the accord but that Mr. Trump seemed to be moving in a different direction during those discussions. The meetings at the Vatican nonetheless had encouraged a glimmer of hope that the president would not go down this road.
Pope Francis has not made any public comment so far on Mr. Trump’s decision, but he has already made his position abundantly clear on the question of climate change in the encyclical “Laudato Si’” and in his comments around the U.N.’s COP21 summit on climate change in Paris in 2015, the sources added.
Pope Francis has not made any public comment so far on Mr. Trump’s decision, but he has already made his position abundantly clear in “Laudato Si’.”
Archbishop Marcelo Sanchez Sorondo, chancellor of the Pontifical Academy for Social Sciences, did not hide his disappointment at the president’s decision. He slammed it as “a disaster for the whole world because the United States has such importance today and is a country that many follow.”
He described the decision as “a great evil and irrational” because it goes against science and the indisputable evidence that climate change “is impacting on the health of people across the globe.” President Trump’s decision “goes against Laudato Si’,” the encyclical on the care of our common home “that Pope Francis showed him when he was here,” Archbishop Sorondo said.
The Holy See’s science academy that he leads had done much of the preparatory work for “Laudato Si’,” bringing together the expert opinions of the world’s leading scientists on climate change. Archbishop Sorondo said the academy will host a conference in the autumn on climate change’s impact on human health.
He recalled that paragraph No. 23 of “Laudato Si’” acknowledges that human activity, specifically the burning of fossil fuels, is contributing to global warming and climate change. The president’s decision to pull the United States out of the Paris agreement “is also most serious because other countries could try to copy this American egoism and make money by exploiting the planet without any consideration for the common good and for the persons who suffer because of this.”
Nevertheless, the Argentine-born archbishop still hopes that Mr. Trump’s game plan may not actually work because “it’s not so easy to withdraw from an international treaty and one has to see in concrete what actually happens. It’s not easy to say, ‘No,’ completely. Mr. Trump has three years or more and may not be able to do so in that time and then perhaps another president may come who agrees with the accord.”
He noted, moreover, that while Mr. Trump considers it necessary to work for a new accord more favorable to U.S. interests, others like France’s new president, Emmanuel Macron, said there would be no new accord. The archbishop drew attention to the negative reaction worldwide to the U.S. president’s decision, even from oil companies such as Exxon, which had urged him not to withdraw from the agreement, and U.S. state governors such as Jerry Brown in California, who intend to abide by the Paris accord’s greenhouse gas commitments. It is necessary to distinguish between the president’s declaration and its practical consequences, he said. “It’s not easy to change everything.”
Another Vatican official who had closely monitored the COP21 summit sought to put the decision into perspective while not hiding his disappointment. “It’s a bump along the road. It neither makes nor breaks the Paris accord,” the official, who asked to remain anonymous since he was not authorized to speak, told America the day after the president announced his decision.
The Paris accord is “a real global agreement,” he said, which 197 countries have signed and 147 have already ratified, thereby committing themselves to take action to ensure the rise in global temperatures remains below 2° Celsius in the coming years. He said: “If one country is out of sync that doesn’t destroy the accord because its nature is that of a mutual commitment, an agreement of mutual respect to reach certain goals. If one country doesn’t respect the accord it’s shameful, but it doesn’t destroy the agreement.”
He added that the decision to withdraw from the Paris accord “is not irreversible.”
Noting that major U.S. corporations had “opted [to accept] the Paris accord,” the senior official said, “If President Trump’s administration is out of sync with the U.S. business world, that’s its problem.” He predicted that the U.S. business world “will eventually prevail” and noted that “the non-fossil fuel sector is the biggest growth sector in the U.S.A. today, whereas the coal sector, by comparison, is dead.”