In the midst of war and injustice, the name of Jesus is a scandal.


In the Nativity, St. Athanasius once wrote, “mankind’s body truly acquired something great through its communion and union with the Word. From being mortal it has been made immortal; though it was a living body it has become a spiritual one; though it was made from the earth, it has passed through the gates of heaven.”

We should note here that Athanasius is talking not just about a human body, but all human bodies, yours and mine included. Athanasius, like so many of the church fathers, was keen to remind us that the Son of God took on, not just a human nature, but human nature itself. In other words, in this one child resides the best of who we are, as well as the hope for who we might become. In the Nativity, love itself became incarnate; faith, hope and love beat for the many in the heart of the one. “And they named him Jesus.”


The name of Jesus, then, identifies much more than one particular human being in the strict historical sense, much more than a single child born long ago in a distant land. The name of Jesus signifies the highest aspiration of every human person, the deepest desire of the human heart, the lover for whom we long and in whose absence our hearts are restless. The name of Jesus, given by the Father at the very moment of Mary’s faithful yes is itself a scandal, a stumbling block for the no of the sinner. In the midst of war, of injustice, among the callously indifferent and the doggedly unbelieving, the name of Jesus is also a scandal, a name that at once reveals the dignity of every human person and the futility of our this-worldly scheming.

Jesus’ earthly parents knew he was special. They could never have imagined, however, that in his name a worldwide church would be born—born in Bethlehem, sacrificed on Calvary, made a sacrament on Easter morning. Throughout the centuries, the saints and martyrs prayed that the name of Jesus would pass their lips as they themselves passed into eternity. This was not pious exaggeration, nor is it charming folklore. It is historical fact. The very name of Jesus gave the saints and martyrs the strength to live their lives of faith.

The very name of Jesus gave the saints and martyrs the strength to live their lives of faith.

Mary and Joseph could never have imagined the church of today, the church you and I are blessed to call home: a billion people spread across six continents. Today, Christians throughout the world continue to act in his name, demanding an end to violence and injustice. In the face of cancer and AIDS, amid the shadows of life in a culture of death, the church of Jesus Christ—we sinners still called by God—continues to reconcile, to teach, to heal in the name of Jesus.

Mary and Joseph could not have predicted any of this. No one had even predicted the events of that first Christmas. Jewish tradition had taught that the Messiah would emerge from the heavens riding a chariot, not in a stable among the hay and dung. The tradition had said that God would make his home in the grand temple of Jerusalem, not in the womb of a frightened, teenage girl. Yet our God—this God who took the name of Jesus—is a God of surprises.

As this year comes to an end, we might ponder anew in our own hearts, what surprises God has in store for us. Can we allow this person named Jesus—this God for whom love alone is credible—to possess our hearts in the year ahead? What untruths or cherished myths live within us, waiting to be scandalized by him? What hopes lie there, in our hearts, waiting to be born, waiting for their incarnations, through him, with him and in him?

Most of all, what does this God of surprises hope for us, for our church—itself a relatively fragile human body, yet one that still has the audacity to hope in the name of Jesus?

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.

More: Spirituality

Don't miss the best from America

Sign up for our Newsletter to get the Jesuit perspective on news, faith and culture.

The latest from america

 Pope Francis speaks during his general audience in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican on April 18. (CNS/Paul Haring)
The appointments are part of an ongoing effort to give a greater role to women in the work of the Roman Curia offices, the central administration of the Catholic church.
Gerard O’ConnellApril 21, 2018
Ivette Escobar, a student at Central American University in San Salvador, helps finish a rug in honor of the victims in the 1989 murder of six Jesuits, their housekeeper and her daughter on the UCA campus, part of the 25th anniversary commemoration of the Jesuit martyrs in 2014. (CNS photo/Edgardo Ayala) 
A human rights attorney in the United States believes that the upcoming canonization of Blessed Oscar Romero in October has been a factor in a decision to revisit the 1989 Jesuit massacre at the University of Central America.
Kevin ClarkeApril 20, 2018
Journalists photograph the lethal injection facility at San Quentin State Prison in California in 2010. (AP Photo/Eric Risberg, File)
In California, Catholic opponents of the death penalty are trying to protect the largest population of inmates awaiting execution in the Western Hemisphere.
Jim McDermottApril 20, 2018
Photo: the Hank Center at Loyola University Chicago
Bishop McElroy said that Catholics must embrace “the virtues of solidarity, compassion, integrity, hope and peace-building.”