Should Shakespeare be translated?

Illustration of William Shakespeare taken from the "Dramatic Works by William Shakespeare" (Russian Translation) issued in Moscow, Russia in 1880.

At the Wall Street Journal, Prof. John McWhorter ("A Facelift for Shakespeare") makes the case for a "translation" of Shakespeare, endorsing the plan of the Oregon Shakespeare Festival to publish Shakespeare's 39 works into modern English. According to McWhorter:

Most educated people are uncomfortable admitting that Shakespeare’s language often feels more medicinal than enlightening. We have been told since childhood that Shakespeare’s words are “elevated” and that our job is to reach up to them, or that his language is “poetic,” or that it takes British actors to get his meaning across.
 
But none of these rationalizations holds up. Much of Shakespeare goes over our heads because, even though we recognize the words, their meaning often has changed significantly over the past four centuries.

After giving a few examples, he asks: 

Advertisement
It is true that translated Shakespeare is no longer Shakespeare in the strictest sense. But are we satisfied with Shakespeare’s being genuinely meaningful only to an elite few unless edited to death or carefully excerpted, with most of the rest of us genuflecting in the name of “culture” and keeping our confusion to ourselves? Should we have to pore laboriously over Shakespeare on the page before seeing his work performed?
 

Some purists will likely rue this development, but having tried to teach Shakespeare myself, it's tough to see so many students hold such a negative view about Shakespeare because of the unfamiliarity of the language. This doesn't mean the original text should be discarded. Students should be taught how to read carefully, consult annotations and appreciate the evolution of English. But for the large sector of students and general readers of all ages who don't want to put in the time for such critical engagement, these new translations may deliver what people who truly love Shakespeare often most cherish in his works: a grappling with the essential contours of human nature, an excavation of the human spirit in all its forms. 

See here to read the rest of McWhorter's essay.  

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
J Cosgrove
3 years 9 months ago
I am going to take the side of the Shakespeare purists. Because Shakespeare is accessible if one makes the effort. I have seen several Hamlets after reading the text carefully and one of the bests is by Mel Gibson. As a graduate student awhile ago, I went to the campus movie to see Henry V on a Friday night, the version with Laurence Olivier. I was baffled by what was going on in the movie. I was a math major and paid little attention to literature as an undergrad. But the next morning I went to the campus book store and bought a copy of Henry V, one of those which explains the text on the side. I read it carefully that day and finished it just before movie time on Saturday night. Watching the movie a second time was one of the most memorable experiences of my academic life and one where efforts paid off so soon. St. Crispin's day rings so true to me today and would be lost without the rhyme and meter of Shakespeare. The lines
This story shall the good man teach his son; And Crispin Crispian shall ne’er go by, From this day to the ending of the world, But we in it shall be remembered- We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he to-day that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother; be he ne’er so vile, This day shall gentle his condition; And gentlemen in England now-a-bed Shall think themselves accurs’d they were not here, And hold their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks That fought with us upon Saint Crispin’s day.
would be kept or what? To just be another set of lines that was easily understood but had little relevance. Potentially eviscerating one of the great speeches of all time when done by Olivier. But the proof is in the pudding and maybe some translations might work. Have to listen but am skeptical. Where would all those quotes go by you know who when they were updated?

Advertisement

The latest from america

From left, Rep. Rashida Tlaib, D-Mich., Rep. Ilhan Omar, D-Minn., Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, D-N.Y., and Rep. Ayanna Pressley, D-Mass., respond to remarks by President Donald Trump after his call for the four Democratic congresswomen to go back to their "broken" countries, during a news conference at the Capitol in Washington, Monday, July 15, 2019. All are American citizens and three of the four were born in the U.S.
The Editors: These comments need to be called out as racist, xenophobic and sexist.
The EditorsJuly 16, 2019
People wait to apply for asylum in the United States along the border on July 16 in Tijuana, Mexico. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)
“It is contrary to American and Christian values to attempt to prevent people from migrating here when they are fleeing to save their lives and to find safety for their families,” Cardinal DiNardo said.
Kevin ClarkeJuly 16, 2019
During her lifetime, poetry turned into a vocation that helped Marie Ponsot achieve her true essence.
Benjamin IvryJuly 16, 2019
A coalition of Catholic organizations will gather on July 18 in front of the U.S. Capitol to protest the treatment of immigrant children at the border.