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Colm O'Shea teaches essay writing at New York University. He is the author of the sci-fi novel Claiming De Wayke (Crossroad Press) and the academic monograph James Joyce's Mandala (Routledge). Visit him at colmoshea.com

Timothée Chalamet stars as Willy Wonka in the movie “Wonka.”
Arts & CultureFilm
Colm O’Shea
How did this Wonka, unfazed and insisting that salvation is at hand, become the jaded, suspicious entity we know he will become?