The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded on Oct. 10 to Kailash Satyarthi of India and Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan, heroic advocates for children’s rights, especially the right to education. • In the Maiduguri Diocese in northeastern Nigeria, nearly 200 churches have been destroyed or razed by Boko Haram insurgents since August, a diocesan official reported on Oct. 6. • Children in families in which one or both parents migrate long distances for employment and the elderly and spouses left at home must become a “high priority in any migration policy debate,” said Archbishop Silvano Tomasi, the Vatican’s permanent representative to U.N. agencies in Geneva, on Oct. 8. • Christine Vladimiroff, a Benedictine sister who is the former president of Second Harvest (now called Feeding America), a national food program for the poor, died on Sept. 25 at the age of 74 after a long illness. • Rulings that overturned bans on same-sex marriage in five states will be allowed to take effect after the Supreme Court on Oct. 6 declined to consider appeals of lower court rulings. • “One cannot be silent, nor [can] the international community remain inactive, in the face of the massacre of persons,” said the statement issued on Oct. 4 at the end of a three-day Vatican summit on the plight of Christians in the Middle East.