The disaster killed an estimated 220,000 people, injured more than 300,000 and left 1.5 million homeless.
The Haitian bishops' justice and peace commission said that "a change in head of state is crucial as is a change in the way the authorities govern the country."
Cholera is caused by bacteria ingested with contaminated food or water that infects the intestines, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Given the army’s past repression of the Haitian people, the military’s return has been a cause of concern to many. Protesters have taken to the streets, calling for leaders to shift the defense budget money to education.