Current Comment

An App for That?

Steve Jobs, who died last week after a long battle with cancer, will be remembered chiefly for his contributions to the digital world. Under his direction, Apple Inc. revolutionized the way we listen to music, watch movies and surf the Web. Yet he may have also revolutionized the way we pray. Since the launch of the iPhone, dozens of developers have created “apps” designed specifically for prayer and reflection. Three-minute “retreats” from Loyola Press, for example, can be played on a tablet or smart phone. You can even download an app to help you prepare for confession. The goal is to employ technology to encourage an ancient practice.

Unfortunately, the devices themselves may distract from the stillness and quiet that prayer requires. Take the iPad and Amazon’s latest invention, the Kindle Fire. Both devices allow you to play video games, watch television shows, listen to music and shop on the Web. The choices are plentiful—for the person of prayer, perhaps too much so. Even the most scrupulous Christian may have trouble focusing on the daily readings when e-mail beckons, not to mention last night’s episode of “House.”


On the other hand, some digital devices can cultivate the habits of mind necessary for prayer. The original Kindle is a good example. In its early incarnations, it was simply a reading device. Like a good book, it called for patience and concentration. Unlike a smart phone or a laptop, it did not make any unwanted noise and created a contemplative space where the Internet could not intrude.

With the advent of the Kindle Fire, that has changed: Amazon’s tablet comes with all the buzz and clamor of the Web. You can still buy a traditional e-reader from Amazon or Barnes & Noble, but the days of single-use devices are numbered. The Kindle Fire is more attractive than its predecessor, but it is noisier too. It is already difficult to pray amid today’s digital din. It may have just become a little bit harder.

Earth Science

Not everyone believes that human actions can cause global climate changes, but the vast majority of scientists do, especially those who monitor the environment. In 1985, for example, scientists discovered a hole in the planet’s protective ozone layer over Antarctica, which they think was caused by harmful carbon emissions called CFCs (like those once used in aerosol sprays). These substances have since been banned in 191 countries, but once released into the atmosphere the chemicals linger. Thus they are still able to deplete the ozone in the stratosphere today. The moral: Human actions have long-lasting consequences.

That issue was raised anew recently when scientists found a second ozone hole, this time above the Arctic. Some scientists credit extreme cold for having activated extant ozone-depleting chemicals. That hypothesis is still inconclusive, but scientists agree on this much: Ozone depletion is a significant problem, and the process of thinning the layer or making a hole is unpredictable.

The unpredictability has to do with sorting out what occurs in nature as a result of human activity (like the CFCs) from what occurs apart from human activity (some ozone is depleted naturally, depending on the season). But here is the catch: time. It takes scientists so long to test their hypotheses and to convince the public of their results that by then it may be too late to prevent or limit harmful effects. While climate change can hurt everyone, only those who think human activity is a cause of it are working to do something about it. All the more reason for scientists who have faith in their research to do all they can to convince the doubters—while there is time.

Goodbye to Happy

As most America readers know, the new English translation of the Mass will be instituted on the first Sunday of Advent. (On the other hand, most Catholics do not know this: A survey by the Center for Applied Research in the Apostolate showed that 77 percent of them were unaware of the upcoming changes.) Plenty of ink has been spilled in this magazine and elsewhere on the history of the changes (e.g., about ICEL, Vox Clara and “Liturgiam Authenticam”), the reasons for the changes (“dynamic equivalence” versus literal translations) and the changes themselves (Christ dying “for many” rather than “for all”). But there is one small change that may make Massgoers less “happy.”

After the Lamb of God, the priest raises the consecrated bread and wine and says: “This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. Happy are those who are called to his supper.” No more. Now he will say: “Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who takes away the sins of the world. Blessed are those called to the supper of the Lamb.” How sad to lose the single place in the Mass where the people are “happy.” The Latin word being translated is beati, but the original is taken from the Book of Revelations (19:9), where the Greek describes those at the supper as makarioi. But makarioi can mean both blessed and happy. That is why some translations of the Beatitudes begin, “Happy are the poor.” Admittedly, it is a small change, but it is an unnecessary one. There are already dozens of “blesseds” in the new English translation. Was a little happiness too much to ask for?

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
7 years 1 month ago
As long as we're dealing with the distance between heaven and mirth (with a tip of the hat to James Martin SJ), wouldn't it be interesting to refer to the process of becoming a saint as "happy-fication"?  Just a thought...
Christopher Mulcahy
7 years 1 month ago
Do the editors really believe they have a key insight into what scientists agree on? And that they are in a moral position to chide the rest of us to go along with the scientists' "faith" in their research?  After all, the public takes so long to convince, I guess.

Stanley Kopacz
7 years 1 month ago
The biggest problem in convincing US citizens of the fact of climate change is their scientific ignorance, a vacuum filled with the obfuscations and lies fostered by the corporate media.  The carefulness and measured approach of the professional climatologists is opposed by the posturing clowns like Rush Limbaugh and Glenn Beck, who don't have to conform to any standard of truth.
Eleanor Yavarone
7 years 1 month ago
Thank you for your comments. I am in despair about the changes. Will someone please explain to me how the work of the Holy Spirit, Pope John XIII, the 2,500 bishops and cardinals, and all the ecumenical invitees to the Second Ecumenical Vatican Council can be undone by a small Rome based commission with impunity?
C Walter Mattingly
7 years 1 month ago
Though I was quite happy with happy, I don't mind settling for blessed. 
Robert Killoren
7 years 1 month ago
At some point one just has to accept the changes and move on. This applies both to those who object to the new translation and to those who feel the new translation didn't go far enough. Words don't impress God one way or another, and translations never, ever capture the full depth of the original language - so we shouldn't be so bothered either. Instead let's focus on how the Church can bring Catholics to a deeper appreciation for the Eucharist. Even among true believers Mass attendance is dropping. Why? I can assure you it has nothing to do with the Novus Ordo or whether we say happy or blessed. And we better figure things out soon.
7 years 1 month ago
While most Americans will turn back their clocks one hour this fall, the American Catholic Church will turn back its clock 40 years. We need a more literal translation? Have we had it wrong all these years? What will this new translation bring to one's experience of the Mass? Who thinks of these things? With all the challenges facing the world and our Church, why is this necessary? Change happens, sometimes for no reason. I guess my reaction is more to the Church leaders who promote these decisions - to have a new translation - and ignore the important stuff.
Michael Olson
7 years 1 month ago
People know whether they are happy or not.  They are going to be wondering whether they are "blessed"or not!  Unfortunately this seems to be another example of the those who think of themselves as the "official Church" ignoring how how others think and feel. 
C Walter Mattingly
7 years ago
@ Deacon Killoren (#6),
Exactly. Thank you. 


The latest from america

The film cuts through that numbness, painting a mural of human emotion where media portrayals of violence offer only a drop of splattered paint.
Emma Winters November 16, 2018
Elaine May and Lucas Hedges in ‘The Waverly Gallery’ (photo: Brigitte Lacombe)
Two seasoned actors explore meaning and mortality in ‘The Waverly Gallery’ and ‘Thom Paine (based on nothing).’
Rob Weinert-KendtNovember 16, 2018
"So many ordinary people are suffering,” said Father Cedric Prakash, S.J. He has spent the last three years working with the Jesuit Refugee Service in the Middle East and North Africa Region.
Gerard O’ConnellNovember 16, 2018
The Catholic Church is failing to engage Catholic women. The GIVEN Institute is trying to fix that.
Zac DavisNovember 16, 2018