Advancing with determination in the reform of the Roman Curia, Pope Francis has created an important new department for “integral human development” and, as expected, has appointed the Ghanaian cardinal, Peter Turkson, as its first prefect.
The Vatican announced the establishment of this new department (“dicastery” is its official title) on Aug. 31. At the same time, it published the “Motu Proprio” or decree, written by the pope creating it, and also the statute for this body.
Article 1 of the statute states that the new dicastery will have responsibility in the Holy See “for that which relates to justice and peace, including questions related to migration, health, works of charity and the care of creation.”
The dicastery includes an office “for refugees and migrants,” which Francis has decided will, “for now,” respond directly to him. He wants to emphasize the importance of this new department and to guarantee that the church responds adequately to the phenomenon of migration, the greatest humanitarian crisis since World War II. In section 1 of article 4 of the statute, it states, “this section is placed for the time being under the guidance of the Supreme Pontiff who will exercise it in the ways that he deems opportune.”
In his “Motu Proprio,” Francis states that “in all her being and actions, the Church is called to promote the integral development of the human person in the light of the Gospel. This development takes place by attending to the inestimable goods of justice, peace, and the care of creation.”
The term “integral human development” is highly significant and wide ranging. It first appeared in Pope Paul VI’s ground-breaking encyclical “Populorum Progressio” (“On the Progress of Peoples”), published in 1967. It is a concept that goes beyond the secular understanding of development as purely economic and technological, and emphasizes the need to put the human person at the center of all development. It involves the triple duty of human solidarity, social justice and universal charity. It also involves promoting the goal of reconciling humanity with God and people with each other in a way that respects and protects the integrity of all creation.
Francis, in the “Motu Proprio,” explains that this new dicastery “will be competent particularly in issues regarding migrants, those in need, the sick, the excluded and marginalized, the imprisoned and the unemployed, as well as victims of armed conflict, natural disasters, and all forms of slavery and torture.”
According to the statute, the new dicastery will be headed by a prefect, who will be assisted by a secretary and at least one under-secretary “that can also be lay faithful.” Laity, from different parts of the world, will also be on the board of this new department, which will have commissions for ecology, charity and health workers.
Pope Francis has appointed the internationally well-known and joy-filled Ghanaian cardinal, Peter Turkson, as its first prefect. In Oct. 2009, Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI called him to Rome to head the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace. Cardinal Turkson, who is a biblical scholar, shares and firmly supports Francis’ vision for the church. (His office played a key role in helping draft “Laudato Si’” and, subsequently, in promoting it.)
The new department is the result of a creative merger involving four existing pontifical councils of the Roman Curia, namely: Justice and Peace, the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants, Cor Unum—the papal charity that provides humanitarian assistance and encourages coordination and cooperation of Catholic charitable works including Caritas Internationalis—and the Pastoral Care of Health Workers. The first three were established by Pope Paul VI as a follow-up to the Second Vatican Council, the fourth was created by St. John Paul II in 1985. All four will be suppressed on Jan. 1, 2017, when the new dicastery comes into existence.
Pope Francis decided to create this new department after extended discussions with his council of nine cardinal advisors (C9), and after an overall consultation with the College of Cardinals in February of 2015.