Loading...
Loading...
Click here if you don’t see subscription options
Sidney CallahanJanuary 19, 2016

Yes, I know; we middle-class Americans have got to restrain our habitual levels of consumerism—for the sake of the planet, for the sake of the poor, for the sake of the Gospel. Unfortunately, the social and psychological obstacles to reform are formidable.  

Suburban families can’t just quit buying and provisioning their households. We can’t run away to some monastery or imitate St. Francis by stripping naked in the mall. Moving into the nearest Catholic Worker shelter for the poor also won’t work. Dorothy Day is one of my greatest spiritual inspirations but her ideal and vocation of radical poverty and total reliance on providence has to be adapted for mainline lay life. This task of creating a faithful economic life requires hard thinking, since individuals differ in so many ways over a lifetime.

My husband Dan and I started out as poor graduate students whose decisions were governed by basic survival needs and the G.I. bill. We then had seven babes within 10 years so it took a while to get beyond the poverty level or pay taxes. But half a century later, far down profitable professional roads we too can find ourselves drifting into a “fog of affluence.”

Since the 1980s creeping affluenza has been diagnosed by critics. Aspirations for luxury consumption are seen to be increasing among the general population—with damaging results. If the high-end ads in The New York Times and the low-end spreads in supermarket magazines are any measure, then excess is approved as admirable. Comfort, ease, security, stimulating experiences, luxury goods and pleasures are selling well.

In his new book, The Vice of Luxury: Economic Excess in a Consumer Age, the moral theologian David Cloutier analyzes these problems. He gives the long history of ancient and Christian thinking on the spiritual dangers of wealth—damage to individual character and damage to societies who lose their “ethical brake.” Vatican-II teachings on social justice, with Pope Francis and his predecessors, have reiterated the Gospel command to share resources with the needy and live in “frugal comfort” for the sake of the poor. As St. John Paul II put it, the “goods life” and “the good life” are not the same. The “neglected” vice of luxury engenders selfish indifference to every Lazarus lying at the rich man’s gate. A throwaway culture of conspicuous consumption and waste ends up throwing away people.  

In my own examinations of needless buying I can see that I succumb when I am feeling inwardly depleted or mildly down. Or I’m just bored and buying something new provides novel distraction. It is a challenge to make a purchase and actually bring change to the living room, kitchen, wardrobe, yard, etc. Social pressure can play a part, too. We want and buy what others want or buy. Then there’s that powerful lure of making everything more perfect: more beautifully appointed, more aesthetically pleasing, more efficient, more comfortable. One therapy that helps here is the “good enough” mantra: “I have enough, I am enough, I do enough.” Instead of “more, more, excelsior” I can embrace the present moment and “enoughness.” I read, talk with others, write, play, pray and gather by the river.  

David Cloutier clearly conveys each Christian’s moral responsibility to make decisions to give and share their resources. What is necessity and what is surplus? How much is too much? To make it all the more complex, Christians are enjoined to live joyfully, gratefully and freely in God’s good creation. Jesus warned of the dangers of selfish riches but he also feasted and rejoiced in the abundant life he could give his disciples. Christians celebrate the good news. Spending on festival goods and shared goods give a foretaste of paradise. Enrichment goods and vocational goods are important. Pleasure, play and beauty restore minds and bodies.

But making the decisions to spend money on what, when, is arduous. Moreover, according to Jesus’s parable of the sheep and the goats, our daily decisions are noted and have consequences. As always Christians are living in the Not Yet of the Kingdom to come and the Already of Christ’s Victory.

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
William Rydberg
8 years 1 month ago
Don't worry about offending anybody, I'm pretty sure that the 1% don't read this Magazine. Or at least are probably occupied re-stocking their PACs for the upcoming Presidential Race...
Margaret McIntyre
8 years 1 month ago
Excellent article. One omission is the frenzy of spending at Christmas, on 'gifts" which are often stand ins for love and caring for our family and friends. What courage it takes to tell family members, "please don't give me a thing, contribute the cash equivalent to one of my 'causes" ( and I have quite a few). Together as a family, serve in a shelter, food kitchen or any number of huge needs at the holidays--do it as a family. We have drifted so far from the real meaning of Christmas. This takes courage and family leadership. Take inventory, what do we really NEED? Maybe discuss it at Thanksgiving in anticipation of Christmas. Lent is coming up, another time to convert cash to alms--no gifts, no stuff.

The latest from america

Pope Francis gives his blessing at the end of the recitation of the Angelus in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican Feb. 11, 2024. On March 3, he renewed his call for an immediate cease-fire in Gaza while while speaking to the crowd in St. Peter’s Square. (CNS photo/Lola Gomez)
At the noon prayer on Sunday, Pope Francis called for a cease-fire and for “the continuation of negotiations” to bring about the release of hostages taken by Hamas and the delivery of humanitarian aid to Gaza.
Gerard O’ConnellMarch 03, 2024
Thanks to Jack Serio’s direction and playwright Ruby Thomas’s script, “The Animal Kingdom” falls into the category of a difficult but necessary watch, and the questions we are left with inspire us to think more critically about our mental health and relationships.
Michael O’BrienMarch 01, 2024
A letter criticizing Pope Francis for promoting “ambiguities in matters of faith” and at the same time ruling the Catholic Church with an iron fist, is circulating in the Vatican.
In an exclusive interview with Gerard O’Connell, Archbishop Jorge Ignacio García Cuerva explains why his first three Masses in Buenos Aires were celebrated in a shanty town, prison and cemetery.
Gerard O’ConnellMarch 01, 2024