Race & Class in Cambridge & Rural Virginia

Race remains an issue that cuts through American culture and society like a scythe. The arrest of Harvard Professor Henry Louis Gates, Jr. has captured the imagination of the country and it is not difficult to see why. The story only works because Gates is black and the arresting officer was white, with the familiar "town v. gown" dynamic thrown in for good measure. The only reason "Hardball" led the show last night not with health care, which was what the President spent the most time talking about at his press conference, but with the President’s remarks about race is that race is compelling because we are all of us still actors in the story.

Of course, it is easy to pat ourselves on the back. And, yes, it truly was astounding to see a black President at the podium in the East Room discussing his "personal friend" Professor Gates, who is a black professor at the nation’s leading university. But, it is also undoubtedly true that if Gates were white he probably would not have been arrested and we most definitely would not be talking about it.


Except, I think, if the white man trying to break into his own home was also a fatigued university professor. When I first heard of the incident in Cambridge, it immediately struck me that what happened could be accurately described as a "pissing match." When Professor Gates asked the officer, "Do you know who I am?" you can imagine the tone in his voice. Nor was Gates making an appeal to non-racial fair play. He was invoking his own authority against that of the officer. Anyone who has ever tried to argue with a police officer knows that they, too, are not immune to being sensitive about their own authority. It is difficult to imagine two professions that are more characteristically capable of pompous indignation.

Race should, I think, almost always be discussed alongside of class. Americans don’t like to speak about class. We eschew class-based politics. But, when Professor Gates talks about the officer’s behavior being difficult to understand because of the way Gates was dressed and the way he carried himself, well, you see that race is not the entire story for either protagonist in the story.

Compare the Gates story to this morning’s sports page, which reports that Michael Vick met with the NFL commissioner yesterday and is likely to return to the league. Vick, you will recall, went to jail for running a dog-fighting ring in which he was especially cruel and inhumane. I will bet Skip Gates has never been to a dog fight. I will bet Michael Vick knew better than to challenge the police officers that came to his house. There is wisdom as well as cruelty in the experiences of rural black folk that you don’t learn drinking coffee in Harvard Square. And, I will bet very few professors, black or otherwise, feel much in the way of sympathy with Mr. Vick.

At the end of the day, the police officer in Cambridge did not arrest Gates because he was a threat to the society in any meaningful way. Nor did he arrest Gates because he was black. He did it because he had been challenged, although the fact that the challenge came from a black man may have affected the officer’s psychology too. What is undoubtedly true is that it is no crime to be upset in one’s own home. It is no crime to ask for a police officer’s badge. It is no crime even to suggest that the police officer’s motives might be racist. This is why, as the President said, the police officer acted stupidly. The story sheds some light on how we view race and also some light as to how the educated classes view police officers, both issues worth discussing. But, I wish people paid as much attention to the ways they interact with their black neighbors and local police officers as they do watch a story like this one. It is amazing how much good can arise when we simply approach each other like fellow human beings.

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9 years 8 months ago
It's class for sure... solution = they, Gates and Crowley go to dinner with police chief, mayor and pres of Harvard and all make nice,, Obama pays for dinner...
If this happened in Podunck community college = no news.
9 years 8 months ago
I'm a parent of a 3-year-old and an 8 month old. At the end of one particularly bad day where I lost my temper, I was consolled by a friend of mine, another parent: ''It's really ridiculous that human beings less than two feet tall and a tenth our age have the audacity to try to control us... and it's even more ridiculous that sometimes, we let them.''
Seeing the Gates arrest through this lens, and reading the police report, it's obvious that the mere appearance of the officer at Gates' front door was a trigger of irreconcilable behavior on Gates' part. He was verbally abusive to the cop and extremely upset, I have no doubt. In a fairer world, Gates' behavior would be a source of personal shame in hindsight, rather than stubborn defensiveness.
And yet, as a parent, I keep coming back one visual in particular... and I focus not on the blackness of Mr. Gates or the whiteness of the cop, or even their upper-crust and working-class backgrounds. I see a 58-year-old cane-bound professor berating a cop... with a gun... standing in front of his partner, also with a gun... with other cops from Cambridge and Harvard arriving, presumably also armed. 
Ridiculous audacity. Understandable, given that Gates was being arrested in his own home, but ridiculous.
The cop was not without cause, but handled it all wrong. If he was really as calm and professional as his report depicts, then the dicatomy between him and Gates should have strengthened, not diminished, his authority to his partner and onlookers. And it should have been clear to him within 5 minutes that arresting Gates would do nothing to augment Gates' respect of his authority. The officer should have just walked away.
We can all relate to the all-to-human reaction the officer had to the challenge to his power and pride. But frankly, in situations like this, cops are paid to swallow their pride and de-escalate. In short, they're paid to act like parents.
9 years 7 months ago

The Sotomayor hearings made empathy sound like a dirty word to many, but consider Professor Gate's situation.  He's just flown home from China, is probably jet-lagged, he's sick, and his door doesn't work.  If I am in his situation I'm feeling pretty irritated already.  Then a police officer shows up on his porch, demanding to see identification.  Professor Gates knows that he is in his own home so he resents the implication that he is a thief.  Should he have acted differntly?  Perhaps, but which of us in his situation would be sure to do better?  And then add the fact that he is a Black man in America, which has a less than sterling record in its treatments of Blacks and other minorities.

Certainly the officer deserves our empathy too, but consider that he is doing his job-which should include being able to adjust rapidly to the situation and change his behavior accordingly.  Possible breakin-but it's an older guy with a cane, who eventually shows ID indicating that it is his house.  He's sensitive to a perceived racial slight-so why not defuse that immediately.  Talk softly, apologize for the bother, and stress that you are there to protect the homeowner and it's just been an honest mistake.  And then walk away.

Think what you like of Professor Gates, but we are all better off if people with guns and badges don't also have attitudes and a need to prove who is in charge.


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