Losing, and Perhaps Missing, Our Religion

Trend: At the present time, do you think religion as a whole is increasing its influence on American life or losing its influence?

Over three-quarters of Americans (77 percent) say religion is losing its influence on American life, according to a new Gallup survey. Researchers described that result as the "most negative [evaluation] of the impact of religion since 1970," although it continues a trend of a public perception of a declining role of religion recorded in previous Gallup surveys.

Advertisement

According to Gallup, Americans were more likely to say religion was increasing rather than decreasing its influence when the question was first asked in 1957, in 1962, at a few points in the 1980s during the Reagan administration, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in late 2001 and early 2002 and in 2005. The high point for Americans' belief that the influence of religion was on the rise, 71 percent, came in December 2001. Considering the timing—a few months after Islamic terrorist attacks New York, Pennsylvania and Washington—that's not exactly a datapoint which suggests that the influence was viewed as a positive one. The previous high for the loss of religious influence occurred in 1969-70 as the American troop buildup peaked in Vietnam and the conflict worsened.

What is notable about this latest figure is that it does not appear to correlate to a particular event as did previous measurements of religion's decline; it seems to follow a general trend of a growing perception of religion's wane beginning in 2004. This emerging trendline may not collect sharp spikes and declines in perception, but merely track the nation's expanding secularism. Last year, researchers from the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life reported a startling rise in the number of "nones," or religiously unaffiliated in the United States. (Pew found that one-fifth of the U.S. public—and a third of adults under 30—are religiously unaffiliated, the highest percentages ever in its polling. The unaffiliated iincreased from just over 15 percent to just under 20 percent of all U.S. adults in just five years. Their ranks now include more than 13 million self-described atheists and agnostics—nearly 6 percent of the U.S. public—as well as nearly 33 million people who say they have no particular religious affiliation.)

These perceptions of religion's influence are not related to Americans' personal religiosity, as measured by church attendance or the self-reported importance of religion in one's life, according to Gallup researchers. "In general, highly religious Americans are neither more nor less likely to say religion is losing its influence than those who are not religious," reports Gallup. "There is, however, a modest relationship between Americans' ideology as well as partisanship and their views of the influence of religion, with liberals and Democrats more likely than conservatives and Republicans to say religion's influence is increasing in American society."

But even as the perception of religion's cultural influence wanes—and perhaps solace for new evangeilzers—Americans maintained favorable views of the potential for religion to have a beneficial impact on the country, with 75 percent of Americans saying they think it would be positive for U.S. society if more Americans were religious. This would seem to parallel the Pew report on "nones." Even though 88 percent of them reported that they were not actively seeking out an affiliation with a religious denomination, 78 percent of them said religion tended to "bring people together" and strengthen community bonds; 77 percent said religion played an important role in helping "the poor and needy"; and 52 percent said that religion helped "protect and strengthen morality."

According to the Gallup survey, Americans who attend church regularly and who say religion is important in their own lives are far more likely than others to say it would be positive for American society if more Americans were religious. "Even so, over half of those who seldom or never attend and close to one in three Americans who say religion is not important to them personally still say it would be positive for society if more Americans were religious." 

Comments are automatically closed two weeks after an article's initial publication. See our comments policy for more.
Beth Cioffoletti
5 years 4 months ago
There looks to be a strange affinity between tribalism and religious fervor in the statistics - people feeling "religious" when under attack. But is that really "religion"? The definition of religion is becoming blurred, whereas it used to be something measurable (by Church attendance) now there are many un-Churched who "religiously" attend their yoga classes or serve at a soup kitchen. From my perspective, something is changing/evolving, as evidenced from the discussions at my weekly contemplative prayer group. The old structures are giving way to something new. Pope Francis is showing the way into this ever renewing "new-ness" of being Catholic. Look at how many of the un-Churched respond to him -- even atheist Mark Bitman in quoting the pope in the NY Times today. The questions that the polls use don't work anymore and totally miss the profound religious renewal that is happening in the streets. We are growing up. The questions should center on whether or not we continue to draw from the ancient wells of wisdom and truth that the Church offers, even though the surface of things looks very different.
PAUL NIENABER
5 years 4 months ago
There are many issues afoot here, but a large one when thinking about religion in public life is the recent polarizing tendency to "black-and-white" everything, the force to the false binary, the choice to tar all things religious with the "we [i.e., as a sophisticated culture] have so moved past all that atavistic religious stuff." Dawkins howitzered a bunch of straw figures, but some found him a useful counterirritant. IMHO, folk who are committed to both the life of the mind and the life of the spirit need to rescue religious language from hackneyed and unimaginative ChurchSpeak, and infuse some genuine creative energy. The old qua old will not do, but the new is hard to craft. Perhaps only then will religion find a more appropriate place within a plural culture.
John Stefanyszyn
5 years 4 months ago
America is NOT losing its "religion"....America is showing its true religion (way of life), that of freedom of self-rights. BUT it is ONLY Christ that will rule.

Advertisement

The latest from america

 10.17.2018 Pope Francis greets Cardinal Blase J. Cupich of Chicago before a session of the Synod of Bishops on young people, the faith and vocational discernment at the Vatican Oct. 16. (CNS photo/Vatican Media)
“We take people where they are, walking with them, moving forward,” Cardinal Blase Cupich said.
Michael J. O’LoughlinOctober 20, 2018
Catherine Pakaluk, who currently teaches at the Catholic University of America and holds a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University, describes her tweet to Mr. Macron as “spirited” and “playful.”
Emma Winters October 19, 2018
A new proposal from the Department of Homeland Security could make it much more difficult for legal immigrants to get green cards in the United States. But even before its implementation, the proposal has led immigrants to avoid receiving public benefits.
J.D. Long-GarcíaOctober 19, 2018
 Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, then nuncio to the United States, and then-Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick of Washington, are seen in a combination photo during the beatification Mass of Blessed Miriam Teresa Demjanovich at the Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart in Newark, N.J., Oct. 4, 2014. (CNS photo/Gregory A. Shemitz)
In this third letter Archbishop Viganò no longer insists, as he did so forcefully in his first letter, that the restrictions that he claimed Benedict XVI had imposed on Archbishop McCarrick—one he alleges that Pope Francis later lifted—can be understood as “sanctions.”
Gerard O’ConnellOctober 19, 2018