The National Catholic Review
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Twentieth Sunday in Ordinary Time (B), Aug. 16, 2009
“Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life” (Jn 6:54)

How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” One’s sympathies easily go with the people who ask this question in today’s Gospel, struggling to understand what Jesus meant by offering as “bread” his “flesh for the life of the world.” The previous part of the discourse, heard last Sunday, which focused on “bread” as instruction, asking for a response of belief, was difficult enough. The shift this Sunday to “eating his flesh” strains to the limit our ability to comprehend and respond. Elsewhere in Scripture this expression carries a very negative connotation. “Devouring flesh” is the action of evildoers from which the psalmist prays to be delivered (Ps 27:2). Drinking blood is forbidden because the life is in the blood, over which only God has power (Gn 9:4; Dt 12:23; Acts 15:20).

Coupled with the first reading, we can see in John’s Gospel clear parallels between Jesus and Woman Wisdom. She prepares her meat and wine and sets her table and calls out to all to come and partake. She offers instruction to the simple and understanding that leads to life. Likewise, in the Prologue (1:1-18) there are other unmistakable parallels between the Logos and Wisdom, who existed with God from the beginning (Prv 8:27, Wis 9:9, Jn 1:1), “pitched her tent” among humankind (Sir 24:4, 8; Jn 1:14), lights the path for them (Bar 4:2, Jn 1:4-5), and yet suffers rejection (Prv 1:25, 29-31; Jn 1:11).

It is in this likeness to a woman that we may find one way to understand Jesus’ words in Jn 6:51-58. Just as a mother gives her very flesh and blood to nurture a new life carried within her, and then continues to feed the child from her own body after it is born, so Jesus nourishes with his very self all who are birthed to new life through him (Jn 3:3). Similar to the union of mother and child while the latter dwells in the womb, so Jesus promises, “Those who eat my flesh and drink my blood abide in me and I in them” (Jn 6:56). The life that results is eternal (6:54, 58) and for the whole world (6:51). The mystery of how this life will last forever is also expressed by the Fourth Evangelist in a birthing metaphor when at the Last Supper Jesus likens his coming passion to the pangs of a woman in labor (Jn 16:21). The death of his earthly body is the birth to new life for all.

Some of the medieval mystics also found the image of motherhood a help for understanding the mystery of Jesus giving us his flesh to eat and his blood to drink. Blessed Julian of Norwich spoke of “God-all wisdom” as “our natural mother” and elaborated on how “a mother can give her child milk to suck, but our precious mother, Jesus, can feed us with himself. He does so most courteously and most tenderly, with the Blessed Sacrament, which is the precious food of true life.” (See the translation of Julian’s Revelations of Divine Love, by M. L. Del Mastro, New York: Doubleday, 1977, portions of which are available online at www.gloriana.nu/mother.htm.) Our response to the one who gives his flesh and blood for our life and that of the world is not only intellectual assent. Jesus gives his “flesh and blood,” an expression that connotes the whole person. So we entrust our whole selves to him, body, mind and spirit, expressed in our physical partaking of the eucharistic body and blood. There is no adequate answer on an intellectual level to the question, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” Rather than trying to explain the “how,” he simply invites us into the depths of the “who.”

Barbara E. Reid, O.P., is a professor of New Testament studies at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago, Ill. 

Readings: 
Readings: Prv 9:1-6; Ps 34:2–7; Eph 5:15-20; Jn 6:51-58
Prayer: