Associate Editor Kevin Clarke outlines the issues at stake leading up to the January 9 referendum in Sudan. If the populace votes in favor of independence for the South, civil war could break out again, as forces in the North seem unwilling to allow their fellow citizens to form their own nation. The referendum was set nearly five years ago when a peace agreement ended years of fighting, yet the international community has not paid much attention to the issue until the last few months. In their editorial, "Deadline in Sudan"America
's editors urge the international community to heed their "responsibility to protect" innocent parties in Sudan.